Warrior And Patriot women

1.Begum Hazrat Mahal(B:1820;D:April 7, 1879)

was the queen of Awadh. She was the first wife

of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She was a great Indian

freedom fighter  who played a major role during

India’s first war of independence (1857) against

the rule of the British East India Company.

2. Bhima Bai Holkar(B:20 September 1795;

D:November 1858). She was the daughter

of  Yashwant Rao Holkar,Maharaja of Indore.

She kept attacking the British by guerilla methods.

3.Aruna Asaf Ali hoisted the Indian National Congress

flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay during the

Quit India Movement,She was awarded Bharat Ratna

posthumously in 1997,by the Government of India.

4.Kuttimalu Amma led groups of women in the

picketing of foreign cloth shops in Calicut in 1931.

She was a freedom fighter and campaigner for

swadeshi and an active member of the Indian

National Congress.

5.Rani Avanti Bai, was wife of Vikramaditya singh, the

ruler of Ramgarh, He died leaving his wife with no

heir. The British refused to allow her to succeed the

throne and placed Ramgarh under their administration.

Rani Avanti Bai fought with the British to regain her

land and throne.On facing imminent defeat, she

killed herself with her own sword(March 20,1858)

6.Usha Mehta (B:March 25, 1920;D:August 11, 2000)

was a freedom fighter of India.She organized the

Secret Congress Radio” which functioned for few

months during the Quit India movement of 1942.

7. Padmaja Naidu (B:November17,1900;D:May 2, 1975)

was the daughter of Sarojini Naidu. She  was jailed for

taking part in Quit India movement.She became Governor

of Bengal after independence. Himalayan Zoological Park

in Darjeeling is named after her.

8.Durgavati Devi(B:7 October 1907; D:15 October 1999)

was an Indian revolutionary and a freedom fighter. She

participated in armed revolution against the ruling British Raj.

9.Rani Gaidinliu(B:January 26, 1915;D:February 17, 1993)

was a Naga spiritual and political leader who led a revolt

against British rule in India.

10.Madam Bhicaji Cama(B:24 September 1861;

D:13 August 1936) the lady who hoisted Indian flag outside

India for the first time. She fought for the unity of

Hindus and Muslims.She continued financing

revolutionaries in and out of India. She fought for the

cause of women. When the first world war broke out

in 1914, she took anti-British stand.

11.Kasturba, wife of Gandhiji(B:11 April, 1869;D:22

February 1944). was a  political activist fighting for

civil rights and Indian independence from the British.

12.Keladi Chennamma,(1671-1697) who ruled over a

small state Keladi for 25 years but proved herself a

great and heroic queen, She fought with the many

foes around and freed the kingdom from the several

dangers. She repelled the advances of the Mughal

army, led by Aurangzeb. She rendered a trade

agreement with the Portugese involving commodities

like pepper and rice.She was given the epithet  the

”Pepper Queen”.She was a brave and competent ruler.

13.Rani of Jhansi (B:19 November 1828 ;D:18 June 1858)

Lakshmi Bai was one of the leading figures of the Indian

Rebellion of 1857. She lived and died for her country.

Lord Dalhousie refused to allow her adopted son to

become king and Jhansi was then ruled by the British.

She became for Indian nationalists, a symbol of resistance

to the rule of Britiish East India Company in India.

14. Kittur Chennamma(B:23 October 1778;D:21 February 1829)

was the queen of Kittur, a princely state in South India.She

led an armed rebellion against the British East India Company

in 1824.

15. Rani Abbakka was the queen of Ullal, who fought  the

Portugese in the latter half of the 16th century.

16.Onake Obavva fought the forces of Hyder Ali single

handedly with a pestle in the kingdom of Chitradurga

of Karnataka, India. Her husband was a guard of a

watchtower. in the rocky fort of Chitradurga.

Source:Collection.

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