October is International School Library Month.
October has derived it’s name from Latin word ”octo”
which means eight.
The International Day of Older Persons is observed on
October 1st each year.National Senior Citizens Day is
observed in U.S. on August 21 and on 23 April in India.
International day of the doctors on the first Monday of
World Vegetarian Day.
Anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic
Independence Day in the Republic of Cyprus.
Independence day in Nigeria.(1960)
Shivaji Ganeshan(B:October 1,1928;D:July 21, 2001)
was an actor in Tamil cinema.
World Smile Day is celebrated on 1st Friday in the
month of October.
World Habitat Day is observed on first Monday of October.
World Sight Day is held on the second Thursday of
October.It is an annual day of awareness about blindness
and vision impairment.
National Voluntary Blood Donation Day.
Cyprus Independence Day.(1960)
International music day was initiated on October 1, 1975
by Lord Yehudi Menuhin.
S.D.Burman(B:October 1,1906 D:31 October,1975)was
music director and singer.
Anni Besant (B:1, October,1847;D:20 September 1933)
was a prominent British socialist, theosophist, women’s
rights activist, writer, orator and supporter of Irish and
Jimmy Carter(B:1, October 1924) is an American politician
and member of the Democratic Party, who served as the 39th
President of U.S. from 1977 to 1981. He was awarded Nobel
World Sake Day.
Liaquat Ali Khan(B:1 October 1895 D:16,October 1951) was
the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and one of the Founding
Fathers of Pakistan.
National Crime Prevention Month.
National breast cancer awareness month.
National liver cancer awareness month.
National celiac disease awareness month.
Spina Bifida(=split spine) awareness month.
Miscarriage awareness month.
Lupus awareness month.
Healthy lungs month.
Energy awareness month.
AIDS awareness month.
Pitbull awareness month
Disability awareness month.
Bullying awareness month.
Domestic abuse awareness month.
Rett syndrome awareness month.
Down syndrome awareness month.
National campaign for healthier babies month.
National physical therapy month.
National physical therapy month.
National spinal health month.
National psoriasis month.
National AIDS awareness month.
National dental hygiene month.
National disability employment awareness month.
Celiac sprue awareness month.SIDS(sudden infant
death syndrome) awareness month.
National domestic violence awareness month.
Eye injury prevention month.
National medical librarians month.
Talk about prescription month.
Hunger awareness month.
Dwarfism/Little People Awareness month.
L.G.B.T. History Month.(U.S.)
National Arts and Humanities month.(U.S.)
National cyber security awareness month(U.S.)
National adopt a shelter dog month.(U.S.)
First week of October is Children’s Book Week.
October 1 to 7-National sarcoidosis awareness week.
2 to 8-Wildlife conservation week.
3 to 9-National fire prevention week.
3 to 10-Hearing aid awareness week.
4 to 8-Drive slowly to work week.
4 to 10- Mental health awareness week(w.e.f.1992)
4 to 10 -World Space Week.
October 5 to 11 Mental Illness Awareness Week.
October 7 to 13 National fire prevention week.(U.S. and Canada)
October 7 to 16 International week of prayer and fasting
October 9 to 15-National postal week.
11 to 15-National school lunch week.
12 to 20-Bone and joint decade national action week.
18 to 24–National drug-free work week.
23 to 31–Red ribbon week.(drug free America)
24 to 30-Respiratory care week.
–do—-Pastoral care week.
25 to 31–International Epidermolysis Bullosa Awareness Week.
Third full week in October-Free speech week in U.S.
Third Sunday of October is Mother’s Day.
Wildlife week is observed from October 2 to 8 since 1952,
when Government of India established an Indian Board
of Wildlife, with a view to preserve the fauna of India,
particularly to prevent extinction of any species.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhiji(B:2,October 1869
D:30, January 1948) was the prominent leader of Indian
independence movement in British ruled India. He was born
in Porbandar, Gujarat.He studied law in U.K. and practiced in
South Africa. He left his profession and returned to India to
lead the freedom struggle. Gandhiji was a preacher of truth and
non-violence. He is revered as the Father of the Nation.
Lal Bahadur Shastri(B:2,October, 1904 D:11 January 1966) was
the second Prime Minister of Republic of India.
October 2 is observed as Inter national Day of Non -Violence.
World farm animals day.
World Cerebral Palsy Day.
October 3 is German unity day.
The Republic of Iraq got its independence from British
Colonial rule on October 3,1932.
World temperance day.
Barry Language Day.
World Nature Day.
First Friday of October is observed as World Smile Day.
Yom Kippur, 2014 is observed on October 3 and 4 .It’s central
themes are atonement and repentance. This day takes place
on the 10th day of Tishrei, the first month of the civil year and
the 7th month of the ecclesiastical year in the Hebrew calendar.
The day is believed to be the anniversary of the creation of
Adam and Eve.
October 4 , World Animal Day, which is an international day
of action for animal rights and welfare, is observed on the
feast day of Saint Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals.
It started in 1931 at a convention of ecologists in Florence, Italy,
who wished to enlight the plight of endangered species. The
chosen theme for the year was-”Shelter is My Right”.
The Russians placed the first satellite Sputnik in orbit around
the Earth on October 4, 1957.
October 4 is birthday of M.C.Modi(1916) who was an ophthalmologist,
doctor of sightless; selfless and devoted, a cataract king; he introduced
mobile eye camps, conducted 7 lakh surgeries in a career spanning
Electronic waste awareness day,w.e.f.2008.
Golf Lovers Day.
October 5-Kate Winslet(B:1975) is a Hollywood actress.
Proclamation of Portugese Republic.
International teachers’ day.
International day of no prostitution .
Steve Jobs(B:24 February, 1955 D:5,October 2011) was an American
entrepreneur, marketer and inventor who was the co-founder,
chairman and C.E.O. of Apple Inc.
National child health day is observed on first Monday of October.
World habitat day is observed on first Monday of October.
World Architecture day is observed on first Monday of October.
President Ronald Reagan proclaimed October 6 , 1987
as German American Day.
Armed forces day is celebrated in Egypt on 6th October,
the date on which the October war 1973 began with the
Egyptian army’s successful crossing of the Suez canal
that culminated in the capture of the Bar Lev Line.
Le Corbusier (B:October 6,1887;D:August 27,1965) was
a Swiss-French architect and designer who designed
Chandigarh,Berlin,Bogota and Barcelona.
Begum Akhtar (B:7, October 1914 D:30October 1974) was
a well known Indian singer of Gazals.
Desmond Tutu(B:7 October 1931) is a South African social
rights activist and Anglican Bishop, who rose to worldwide
fame during the 1980’s as an opponent of apartheid.
Independence day in Croatia is observed on October 8.
International walk to school day is observed on 8th October.
Second Wednesday of October is observed as International
Day for Natural Disaster Reduction.
Vladimir Putin(B:7 October 1952) is the President of Russia.
Air Force Day in India is celebrated on 8 of October .It was
officially started since 1932.
Munshi Premchand(B:31 July 1880 D:8 October 1936)was an
Indian writer, famous for his modern Hindustani literature.
October 9-Leif Erikson day. He is believed to be the first
Viking explorer to have visited North America.
World Sight Day is observed on second Thursday of October.
World Post Day commemorates the establishment of universal
postal union in Bern, Switzerland.
National depression screening day.
National Day of Uganda.
October 10-World mental health day.It was first observed in 1992
at the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health.
Dr. Kota Shivaram Karanth(B:10,October 1902 D:9, December 1997)
was a Kannada writer, social activist,environmentalist, Yakshagana
artist,film maker and thinker.
Rekha(B:October 10, 1954) is an Indian Bollywood actress.
Second Friday of October is the world egg day.
International day against death penalty.
Christopher Reeve(B:25, September 1952 D:10,October, 2004)
was an American actor,film director,producer, screen writer,
author and activist. He achieved stardom for his acting
achievements, in particular, his motion picture portrayal of
the comic book super hero, ”Superman”.
October 10–World Homeless Day.
Amitabh Bachchan(B:October 11, 1942) is the Bollywood
super star of the century. Amitabh Bachchan, a living legend in
his life time, has withstood many a dramatic crisis and come out tops.
Eleanor Roosevelt(B: October 11,1884 D:7,November 1962)
was an American politician and longest serving First Lady of
the U.S.during her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s
4 terms in office(March 1933 to April 1945)
National coming out day.
Jayaprakash Narayan,(B:11, October 1902 D:October 8,1979)
was an independence activist, social reformer and political leader.
He was awarded ”Bharat Ratna”(1999) in recognition of his social
work and Ramon Magsaysay award for public service in 1965.
International Day of the girl child.
Second Saturday of October -International Migratory Bird Day.
October-12 is Free thought day.
National day of Spain.
World Arthritis Day was established in 1996 by Arthritis and
Rheumatism International(A.R.I )and is celebrated on October 12
Dr, Ram Manohar Lohia(B:23 March 1910 D:12 October 1967)
was a freedom fighter . He helped lay the foundation of Congress
Old Farmers Day.
October 13-Metastatic breast cancer awareness day.
Nirupa Roy,(B:4,January 1931 D:13 October 2004) was a
Bollywood actress, mostly known for portraying character roles
of the Indian mothers.
Thanksgiving day in Canada is celebrated on second Monday of
Health and sports day(Japan)is celebrated on second Monday
Sister Nivedita(B:October 28, 1867 D:October 13, 1911) was born
at Tyrone, Ireland.Born Margaret Elizabeth Noble was a Scots-Irish
social worker, author, teacher and a disciple of Swami Vivekananda,
who gave her the name, ”Nivedita”.
Margaret Thatcher(B:13 October 1925 D:8 April 2013) was the first
woman Prime Minister of Britain.
Kishore Kumar Ganguly(B:4 August 1929 D:13 October 1987) was a
playback singer, actor,producer,director,screenplay writer and script writer.
Junior Chamber International was founded in St. Louis on October 13
in 1915 by Henry Giessenbier.
U.S.Navy’s official birthday-October 13, 1775.
Ashok Kumar(B:13 October 1911;D:10 December 2001) was
an Indian film actor.
Lokesh (B:19,May 1947 D:14,October 2004) was an Indian stage
actor turned film actor, who appeared in Kannada feature films.
World Standard Day, w.e.f 1970. Standardization to global economy
help businesses and protect consumers.
Jalal-ud-din Mohammed Akbar (B:15 October 1542 D:27 October
1605)was the third Mughal emperor after Babar and Humayun.
B.V.Ramamurthy (B:14 October 1933 D:24 March 2004) was
a renowned cartoonist.
Chonira Belliappa Muthamma(B:24 January 1924 D:14 October 2009)
was the first woman to clear Indian Civil Service examinations. She
was the first woman to join the Indian Foreign Service. She became
the first Indian woman High Commissioner.She is remembered for
the successful crusade for gender equality in Indian Civil Services.
October 15-Pregnancy and infant loss remembrance day is
John Kenneth Galbraith(B:15 October 1908 D:29 April 2006)
was an American economist,Public official,diplomat and a leading
proponent of 20th century American liberalism.He was U.S.
ambassador to India(1961 to 1963)
State of Manipura merged with India on 15, October 1949.
Global Hand Washing Day.
World white cane safety day(guiding the blind day) celebrates
blind and visually impaired people’s achievements, in U.S.
It also reminds people about how the white cane is important
tool in helping blind and visually impaired live with greater
National Latino aids awareness day.
World IDIC 15 Awareness Day. IDIC is a rare chromosome
disorder where people have extra genetic material (DNA)
from one of their chromosomes-chromosome 15.
Shirdi Sai Baba attained Maha Samadhi on 15, October 1918.
He was a spiritual master revered by both Hindus and Muslims.
A.P.J.Abdul Kalam (B:15,October 1931;D:July 27,2015)
is an Indian scientist and 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
He is known as the ”Missile Man of India”, for his work on the
development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
His 79th birthday was recognized by U.N. as World Students Day.
Sarah Ferguson,(Born on 15, October 1959) is Duchess of York
and former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, the second son
of queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip.
International day of rural women.
October 16-World food day is celebrated on October 16 in honor of
the date of founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of
United Nations in 1945.Thousands of Christians across
Canada will join together in a day of fasting for change.
The change they are seeking, is a greater balance in a world,
where over 800 million people are living with hunger.
This year the theme for ”World Food Day ”is, ”Sustainable
Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition”.
World Spine day -Every year on October 16, people from
around the world join together to raise awareness about
spinal health, and as a part of the Bone and Joint Decade
Action Week. The theme for 2014 is ”Straighten Up and Move”
focusing on the importance of proper posture and movements
in maintaining good spinal health.
Hema Malini(B:16,October 1948), the dream girl of yester years
of Bollywood. She is an Indian actress, director, producer,
Bharatnatyam dancer,choreographer and member of Rajya Sabha,
the Upper House of Parliament during 2003 to 2009.
National Boss Day.
World Allergy Awareness Day-October 16.
Viceroy Lord Curzon devided Bengal on October 16, 1905.
October 17-International day for the eradication of poverty. The
theme for the year 2014 is:Leave no one behind.Think, Decide
and Act Together Against Extreme Poverty.
World Trauma Day.Trauma claims nearly 4,00,000 lives
in India each year. The deaths and disabilities can be prevented,
if proper training is imparted to the common man, how to handle
emergency care in accident cases.
National Mammography Day.
Smitha Patil (B:17 October 1955 D:13, December 1986) was an
Indian actress of films, television and theatre.
Simi Garewal(born on 17, October, 1947) is an Indian actress.
Rita Hayworth(B:17 October 1918 D:14, May 1987) known as
The Love Goddess was a shy Spanish dancer and a legendary
October 17, 1919 was observed as Khilafat Day in India. It was
essentially a movement to express Muslim support for
the Caliph of Turkey against the allied powers, particularly
British Broadcasting Company (B B C) was formed on
October 18, 1922.
Subrahmanyam Chandrashekhar(B:October 19, 1910 D:21
August 1995) is best known for his celebrated discovery of
Chandrashekhar Limit. This theory of stellar structure and
evolution says that, a star whose mass is greater than 1.44
times the mass of the Sun, will not form a white dwarf but
collapse into a neutron star or black hole.He was one of the
greatest scientist of the 20th century who became a legend
in his life time.He was awarded Nobel Prize in physics in 1983,
jointly with the nuclear astro physicist, W.A.Fowler.
October 18-Martina Navratilova(B:October 18,1956) is Czech
and American tennis player and coach.
World Vasectomy Day -October 17
Anil Kumble(B:17 October 1970) is a former international cricketer
and Captain of Indian cricket team.
17, October, 1919 was observed as Khilafat Day in India.
Sandalwood dacoit Veerappan was shot dead on October 18,2004
by Tamil Nadu Special Task Force in the Hogenakal forest area in
Om Puri(B:18 October 1950) was a Bollywood and British actor.
October 19-Constitution day in Niue.
Sunny Deol(B:19 October 1956)was a Bollywood actor.
World values day.
October 20-World Osteoporosis Day.
World Statistics Day.
International Day of the Air Traffic Controller.
Virender Sehwag(Born on 20, October, 1978) is an Indian cricketer.
Syndicate Bank was founded on October 20, 1925 in temple town
Udupi, the abode of Lord Krishna in coastal Karnataka. by
3 visionaries-Sri Upendra Anantha Pai, a businessman, Shri
Vaman Kudva, an engineer and Dr, T.M.A.Pai physician.
Bahais around the world celebrate the Birth of the Bab on
October 20.Referred to as Herald, it was the Bab’s mission to
prepare the way for Baha’u’llah, the founder of the faith.
Bahai’s view the Bab as manifestation of God along with Baha’u’llah.
Muammar Gaddafi (B:7 June 1942 D:20 October 2011)was a Libyan
revolutionary, politician and the de facto ruler of Libya for nearly 42 years.
October 21-Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day.
Martin Gardner(B:October 21, 1914 D:22,May 2010) was an
American popular mathematician and popular science writer
with interest also in compassing micro magic, scientific
skepticism, philosophy, religion and literature.Gardner was
best known for creating and sustaining general interest in
History of National Police Day traces back to 21st October 1959.
Police Martyrs day is observed on 21 October to commemorate the
sacrifice of police personnel who lost their lives on duty.
Shammi Kapur(B:21,October 1931 D:14 August 2011) was a
Helen(B:21 October 1939) is a Burmese born Indian film actress
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee founded the Bharatiya Janasangha
on 21 October, 1951 in Delhi.
October 22-International stuttering awareness day.
Caps lock day campaigns for the removal of the caps lock button
from the standard QWERTY keyboards due to people accidentally
pressing the button.
National mammography day.
October 23-Mole Day. It commemorates Avogadros number
(6.02 X 10^23) which is a basic measuring unit in chemistry.
Mahaveera attained Nirvana on Diwali new moon day on
October 15, 527 B.C.E.(October 23, 2014). Mahaveera Shaka(era)
begins from this day.
Vijaya Bank was established by Shri Attavar Balakrishna shetty
at Bunts Hostel in Mangalore on October 23, 1931. Since it was
established on Vijaya Dashami day, it was named Vijaya Bank.
The objective was to promote banking habits, thrift and
entrepreneurship among the farming community of Dakshina
Kannada district in Karnataka state.
Pele,Brazilian footballer(born on 23, October,1940)is widely
regarded to be the greatest football player of all times.
Chennamma,Queen of Kittur (B:23 October 1778 D:21 February 1829)
was best known for leading an armed rebellion against the British
East India Company in 1824)
It was on October 24, 1968 that Veerendra Heggade was anointed
as the 21st Dharmadhi kari of Dharmasthala.
October 24-United Nations day. United Nations is
born on October 24, 1945. U.N.General Assembly decided to
institute a World Development Information Day,coinciding with
U.N.’s Day on October 24.
Death anniversary of Kolluru Mallappa, (B:1905 D:24 October 2004)
who was popularly known as ”Hyderabad Karnataka Gandhi”
The beginning of October Revolution of 1917 in Russia.
World Polio Day.
World Tripe Day.
Zambia became independent of United Kingdom on 24,October 1964.
Name Zambia was derived from Zambezi river(=god’s river).
Rosa Parks (B:4,February, 1913 D:24 October,2005) was an African
American civil rights activist, whom the United State Congress called
”the first lady of civil rights” and ”the mother of the freedom movement”.
Her birthday is observed as Rosa Parks Day.
Captain Lakshmi Sahgal(B:24 October 1914 D:23 July 2012) was a
revolutionary of the Indian independence movement, an officer of the
Indian National Army and the Minister of Women’s Affairs in the
Azad Hind Government. She is commonly referred to in India as
”Captain Lakshmi”, a reference to her rank, when taken prisoner
in Burma during II World War.
Azad Kashmir day (24, October 1947) is celebrated in Pakistan
occupied Kashmir, which is a self governing administrative
territory of Pakistan.
Third Tuesday in October is National Pharmacy Technician Day.
October 25-Day of the Romanian Army.
International Husbands Day is observed on 25 October.
October 26-National day of Austria.
Raveena Tandon(Born on 26 October 1974 ) is an actress and
S.Bangarappa(B:26 October 1932 D:26 December 2011) was
a politician and chief minister of Karnataka from 1990 to 1992.
Saint Namadev of Maharashtra(B:26 October 1270 D:3 July 1350)
was a prominent religious poet of Maharashtra. He wrote in
Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre(B:31 January 1896 D:26
October 1981) was a Kannada poet.
26 October, 1905-Norway won its independence from Sweden.
October 27-Lung health day.
Celiac disease awareness day.
Independence day in St,Vincent and the Grenadines.
Independence day in Turkmenistan.
Navy day is observed in U.S.A. on October 27, in
memory of birthday of President Theodore Roosevelt.
World Day for Audiovisual Heritage.
Theodore Roosevelt(B:27 October 1858 D:6 January 1919) was
an American author,politician, naturalist, soldier, explorer
and historian who served as the 26th President of U.S.
Irfan Khan Pathan (B:27 October 1984) was an Indian cricketer.
Pooja Batra(B:27 October 1973) is an actress and was crowned
Femina Miss India International in 1993.
K.R.Narayanan(B:27 October, 1920 D:9 November 2005) was the
10th President of India.(25 July 1997 to 25 July 2002)
National Tell a Story Day in Scotland and England.
Labor day in NewZealand.
Valmiki Jayanthi(birth anniversary) is observed on Ashwin
Poornima(October 27) as per Hindu lunar calendar.
National Black Cat Day-27 October.
Philadelphia was founded on 27 October 1682 by an Englishman
Uzbekistan was one of the republics of the Soviet Union.
It was created on 27 October 1924.
Mobutu, the President of the democratic republic of Congo
changed the country’s name to Zaire on 27 October 1977.
October 28-Sister Nivedita was born in Ireland. She was a
Scot-Irish social worker, author, teacher and disciple of Swami
Vivekananda.Born Margaret Elizabeth Noble(B:28 October 1867
D:13 October 1911),she was given the name Nivedita by
October 28-Ochi Day(No Day) and Flag Day in Greece.
International Animation Day.
Julia Roberts(B:28 October 1967) is an American actress.
Bill Gates(B:28 October, 1955) was a philanthropist, investor,
inventor, computer programmer and an American business
Professor Max Muller(B:6 December 1823 D:28 October 1900)
was a German born philologist and orientalist writer and
scholar.Some of his notable works are- The Sacred Books of
The East, A History of Ancient Sanskrit Literature and
Introduction to the Science of Religion.
National Chocolate Day in U.S.A.
Czechoslovakia declared it’s independence from the
Austro-Hungarian Empire on October 28, 1918.
Harvard University was founded in Cambridge on
The Statue of Liberty monument was given to U.S.A.
from France on October 28,1886. The copper statue
designed by Auguste Bartholdi, a French sculpture,
was built by Gustave Eiffel.
October 29-International internet day.
Republic day in Turkey.
World psoriasis day.
World Stroke Day–50 percent of strokes occur due to diabetes,
high blood pressure and obesity.
National Cat Day in U.S.A.
The International Committee of the Red Cross was founded on
29 October 1863 by Henry Dunant.
October 30.National economy or thrift day is observed in India.
World Psoriasis Day.
Death anniversary (30 October,1974) of Begum Akhtar, queen
Diego Maradona(B:30, October, 1960) is an Argentine legendary
John Adams((B:30 October 1735 D:4 July 1826) was the second
President of U.S.
Homi Jahangir Bhabha(B:30 October 1909 D:24 January 1966)
was an Indian nuclear physicist, chief architect of the Indian atomic
energy programme and founding director and professor of physics
at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He was awarded
Padma Bhushan. He played an important role in contribution to
The Quantum Theory.He is considered to be the father of Indian
International Orthopaedic Nurses Day is observed annually
on 30th of October .
Karwa Chauth is observed on 4th day of waning moon in Kartik
month(October 30)as per Hindu calendar. Karwa Chauth is
celebrated by the married women of North India.Women
observe fast and pray for long life, well being and prosperity of
Magician Harry Howdini died on October 31,1926.His death
anniversary is celebrated as Magic Day, the first of which took
place in 1927
Birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (B:31 October
1875 D:15 December 1950)is observed as National Unity Day.
He did an unparalleled task of uniting India annexing 562
states to Union Republic of India.
Indira G andhi, the P.M. of India was assassinated on 31st
October, 1984.Her death anniversary is observed as Rashtriya
National Unity Day.
John Keats(B:31,October 1795 D:23,February 1821) was an
English Romantic poet.
Reformation day in Slovenia.
World Halloween Day.The festival is celebrated to mark the
resurrection of the departed souls, who come to be amongst
their loved ones.
Halloween, representing the souls of the dead is also called
All Saints Eve.
World Thrift Day is observed throughout the world on October 31.
The first National Thrift day was observed in U.S. in 1921.
Samhain is celebrated from sunset on 31 October to sunset
on I,November.It is a Gaelic festival marking the end of
harvest season and the beginning of winter or the ”darker
half”’ of the year.
Amrita Pritam (B:31 August 1919 D:31 October 2005) was
an Indian writer and poet who wrote in Punjabi and Hindi.
She was awarded Jnanapitha Award, Padma award and more.
Madhvacharya(B:1238-D:1317)was a Hindu philosopher and
the chief proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta.He is
also known as Ananda Tirtha and Purna Prajna.He was born
on Ashwina Shukla Paksha Dashami and his punya tithi is
observed on Magha Shukla Navami as per Hindu calendar.
Buddha Jayanthi is also observed on Vijaya Dashami day.
Mahaaveera , the 24th and last Tirthankara was born on
Chaitra Shukla Trayodashi in 599 BCE. He attained nirvana
in 527 BCE on Ashweeja krishna amavasye(Diwali festival)
Jains celebrate Nirvaana of Mahaaveera on Deepaavali new moon day.