History of Delhi.

No city in India,has had as long a history as Delhi, the  capital

of India. Delhi is a land of ‘Dilwalas’ or for people with heart.

Here powerful empires have left behind their impressions

in a celebration of ritual festivities, art, music and dance.

Persian writer Firishta recorded a tradition that Delhi or Dilli

was founded by Raja Dhilu. According to Indian epic Mahabharat,

Delhi was the site of the magnificent and opulent Indraprastha,

the Capital of Pandavas, founded around 3,500BC.

Delhi is history and Delhi’s monuments are  tablets on which

the history is written.Every conqueror did his best to posses

Delhi and make it his capital.Seven times this city went through

the pain of being built  and rebuilt.

Delhi is not a single city but a combination of eight cities that

have been established here from as early as 900 B.C. to 1930 A.D…

when the British completed the construction of New Delhi as the

capital of imperial India. It is therefore not surprising that the

monuments of Delhi successfully mirror the development of

the architectural styles in the country. The city is famous for

its handicrafts. There are many cottage industries, such as

brass carving, embroidery, jewellery, bags, ivory, stationery etc.

Delhi’s gold and silver ornaments and jewellery which are famous

throughout the world, can be seen in the biggest and the richest

streets of Old Delhi called Chandni Chowk-The Silver Street.

Besides the famous  forts, towers, mosques, temples, churches,

museums and market places, Delhi is also known for its gardens

and parks. This wonderful city of  myriad expressions and interesting

juxtapositions has a lot to offer to its travellers.

The Red Fort was the palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s

new capital Shahjahanabad, It was built in 1648A.D. Qutub Minar

is the tallest brick minaret in the world. The five storeyed minaret

is decorated with geometric designs and quranic verses.

India Gate is an arch commemorating the soldiers who died in World War

First. An eternal flame dedicated to the soldiers, burns underneath

the arch. The Humayun’s tomb was built by the orders of Hamida

Banu Begum, Humayun’s widow starting in 1562 A.D. It is the first

mughal garden tomb. Rajghat, the simple square platform of black

marble on the banks of the river Yamuna, marks the place where

Gandhiji was cremated. The Jama  Masjid is the largest and also the

grandest mosque in India.It can accommodate more than 20,000

worshippers at a time during festivals.

Birla temple is also known as the Laxmi Narayan Temple. It was

built in 1938 depicting contemporary Indian temple architecture.

Lotus Temple-27 giant white petals  of marble in the shape of an

unfolding lotus, spring from nine pools  to symbolize  the nine

unifying  spiritual paths of the Bahai Faith.

The Akshardham Temple is an imposing cultural monument

on the banks of Yamuna displaying traditional  Indian culture,

spirituality and architecture.

The Jantar Mantar was built by Sawai Jai Singh 2nd of Jaipur

in 1724 A.D. There is an amazing collection of large  masonry

instruments.

New Delhi is also known as ”Lutyen’s Delhi”. In collaboration with

Herbert Baker he designed and built India Gate and Rashtrapathi

Bhavan and several other monuments in the central administrative

area of the city.

Source:Collection.

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