No city in India,has had as long a history as Delhi, the capital
of India. Delhi is a land of ‘Dilwalas’ or for people with heart.
Here powerful empires have left behind their impressions
in a celebration of ritual festivities, art, music and dance.
Persian writer Firishta recorded a tradition that Delhi or Dilli
was founded by Raja Dhilu. According to Indian epic Mahabharat,
Delhi was the site of the magnificent and opulent Indraprastha,
the Capital of Pandavas, founded around 3,500BC.
Delhi is history and Delhi’s monuments are tablets on which
the history is written.Every conqueror did his best to posses
Delhi and make it his capital.Seven times this city went through
the pain of being built and rebuilt.
Delhi is not a single city but a combination of eight cities that
have been established here from as early as 900 B.C. to 1930 A.D…
when the British completed the construction of New Delhi as the
capital of imperial India. It is therefore not surprising that the
monuments of Delhi successfully mirror the development of
the architectural styles in the country. The city is famous for
its handicrafts. There are many cottage industries, such as
brass carving, embroidery, jewellery, bags, ivory, stationery etc.
Delhi’s gold and silver ornaments and jewellery which are famous
throughout the world, can be seen in the biggest and the richest
streets of Old Delhi called Chandni Chowk-The Silver Street.
Besides the famous forts, towers, mosques, temples, churches,
museums and market places, Delhi is also known for its gardens
and parks. This wonderful city of myriad expressions and interesting
juxtapositions has a lot to offer to its travellers.
The Red Fort was the palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s
new capital Shahjahanabad, It was built in 1648A.D. Qutub Minar
is the tallest brick minaret in the world. The five storeyed minaret
is decorated with geometric designs and quranic verses.
India Gate is an arch commemorating the soldiers who died in World War
First. An eternal flame dedicated to the soldiers, burns underneath
the arch. The Humayun’s tomb was built by the orders of Hamida
Banu Begum, Humayun’s widow starting in 1562 A.D. It is the first
mughal garden tomb. Rajghat, the simple square platform of black
marble on the banks of the river Yamuna, marks the place where
Gandhiji was cremated. The Jama Masjid is the largest and also the
grandest mosque in India.It can accommodate more than 20,000
worshippers at a time during festivals.
Birla temple is also known as the Laxmi Narayan Temple. It was
built in 1938 depicting contemporary Indian temple architecture.
Lotus Temple-27 giant white petals of marble in the shape of an
unfolding lotus, spring from nine pools to symbolize the nine
unifying spiritual paths of the Bahai Faith.
The Akshardham Temple is an imposing cultural monument
on the banks of Yamuna displaying traditional Indian culture,
spirituality and architecture.
The Jantar Mantar was built by Sawai Jai Singh 2nd of Jaipur
in 1724 A.D. There is an amazing collection of large masonry
New Delhi is also known as ”Lutyen’s Delhi”. In collaboration with
Herbert Baker he designed and built India Gate and Rashtrapathi
Bhavan and several other monuments in the central administrative
area of the city.