- Allahabad Bank:
Symbol means Triveni Sangam of Ganga,Yamuna and Saraswati at Allahabad.Slogan: A tradition of trust.
- Andhra Bank:
Symbol of infinity denotes a Bank that is prepared to do anything and to go to any lengths for the customer.The blue pointer on the top represents the philosophy of a Bank that is always looking for growth and
newer directions. The key hole represents safety and security.The chain indicates togetherness.The colours blue and red denote dynamism and solidity.Slogan:Much more to do with ”U” in focus.
- Bank of Baroda:
Symbol is a unique representation of a universal symbol. It comprises dual ”B”letter forms that hold the rays of the rising sun,namely ”Baroda Sun.”
The sun is the excellent representation of what the Bank stands for.It is the single most powerful source of light and energy; its far reaching rays dispel
darkness to illuminate everything they touch. The single colour,compelling vermillion palette has been chosen for its distinctiveness as it stands for hope and energy.
Slogan: India’s international Bank.
- Bank of India:
Symbol is Goddess Lakshmi, inside the star.It means your money will increase by the blessings of Maa(mother) Lakshmi and safe inside the star.Stars represent branches spread all over the world, like stars everywhere in the
sky and that all customers are like family members.Slogan:Relationship beyond banking.
- Bank of Maharashtra:
Symbol is made up of the following 4 items-
1)The Deepmaal (garland of lamps)with its many lights rising to greater heights.
2)The pillar symbolizes strength.
3)The ”diyas” (lamps) refer to branches of the Bank
and symbolize services.
4)The 3 ”M”s symbolize mobilization of money,modernization of methods and motivation of Bank’s staff.
Slogan:One family,one Bank.
- Canara Bank:
Symbol is a set of 2 interlinked triangles.It represents the bond between the Bank and its many stake holders-from customers and employees to investors, institutions and society at large. The colour palette and typography have been carefully chosen.The rich blue represents stability,scale and depth.This contrasts with accents of bright yellow that evokes optimism, warmth and energy.
Slogan:Together we can build a better life around us.
- Corporation Bank:
Bank’s logo(symbol) has various components, namely Kamadhenu,(denoting wishfulfilment) Kalpataru, (eternity)Balance,(justice for all)Wheel,
(industrial progress)and Wheat grain(agricultural prosperity) which stands for universal prosperity and as a wish-fulfilling credo.The logo in its
present form was incorporated in 1972 when the name of the bank was changed from Canara Banking Corporation(Udupi)Ltd to Corporation Bank.Slogan:Prosperity for All.
- Central Bank of India:
The four squares in the symbol of the bank represent the four focal points, namely Man,Finance, Industry and Nation, evolving their harmonious
inter-relationships on which the Bank focusses the services rendered by it vis-a-vis its role in the economy.The bars that join the squares effectively
depict the said focal points of the Bank.Slogan:Central to you since 1911.
- Dena Bank:
Symbol of Dena Bank depicts Goddess Lakshmi, the
goddess of wealth according to Hindu Mythology.Slogan:Trusted Family Bank.
The image(symbol) is used to identify the organisation I.D.B.I.(Industrial Development Bank of India) a subject of public interest.Slogan:Banking for All.
- Indian Bank:
The symbol means to spread branches everywhere
to spread smiles.
Slogan:Taking banking technology to the common man.
- Indian Overseas Bank:
The symbol consists of simple geometric shape
and/text which symbolises collective growth.
Slogan:Good people to grow with.
- Oriental Bank of Commerce:
Symbol:VISA and ViSA hologram are printed on the
face of it.
Slogan:Where every individual is committed.
- Punjab National Bank:
Symbol:First letter of the word Punjab is in Hindi.
Slogan:A name you can bank upon.
- Syndicate Bank:
The symbol of dog implies that Bank is trustworthy
and a friend.
Slogan:Your faithful and friendly financial partner.
The symbol of the Bank consists of a pair of clasped
hands covered with an octagonal structure. we can say
that it is the symbol of protecting one’s trust with
two hands and it depicts a sense of security in the
Slogan: Honours your trust.
- Union Bank of India:
Symbol consists of two letters of ”U”interlocked
into one another.The symbol weaves around the word
”union” from the name of the Bank, which has stood
for integrity, security,strength and partnership.
Colour blue represents commitment to service and red
the passion for work by the staff members.
Slogan:Good people to bank with.
- United Bank of India:
Symbol means unite the customer with Bank for better
future and growth.
Slogan:The Bank that begins with ”U”.
- Vijaya Bank:
Symbol of a man implies ”your partner in progress”.
Slogan:A friend you can bank upon.
- State Bank of India:
The symbol is a blue circle with a small cut in the
bottom that depicts perfection and the common man
being the centre of Bank’s business.
Slogans:”Pure Banking,nothing else.”
”The Nation Banks on us.”
”With You-All the Way”
”Bank of the Comman Man.
”The Banker to Every Indian.”Taglines of other Banks in India:1. Axis Bank:
The name of U.T.I.(Unit Trust of India)Bank
has been changed to Axis Bank.The new logo
of the Axis Bank represent the ”A”from
the Axis Bank. The current existing name was
fixed in order to avoid verbal confusions,
as many firms were operated in the name which
is similar to U.T.I. The Axis Bank is the first
Indian Bank having TCDC(Travel Currency Debit
Card)cards in 11 currencies.
Slogan of the Bank:Every thing is the same except the name.2. Bank of Rajastan:Dare to dream.(slogan)
The logo consists of the historic Victory Tower
of Chittorgarh(Rajasthan), the rising sun and
sand dunes in a circular shape of coin. The
victory tower, a symbol of warrior Land of
Rajasthan, where the Bank was founded.The Tower
denotes supremacy, the spledor and being
outstanding. The rising sun symbolizes hopes,
unlimited scope for progress and growth. The
Sand Dunes represent the state of Rajasthan
where the Bank came into being. The coin
denotes economic activity, particularly Banking.
Bank of Rajasthan merged with ICICI Bank in 2010.
3. Catholic Syrian Bank:Support all the way.
The logo was to create new image for the Bank
and to instill the feelings of dynamism and
optimism among the bank staff.The logo has
curves which formed the ‘C,S and B’and was
designed to communicate harmony,stability
and continuity. The design also could be seen as
a tripple effect to progress. There was an
intentional effort not to make it symmetrical and
4. Centurion Bank of Punjab:To rejoice working,
Logo is CBoP(Centurion Bank of Punjab.)The Bank
merged with HDFC Bank on May 23,2008.
5. City Union Bank:Trust and Excellence since 1904.
CUB is the logo which is the shortened form of City
6)Dhanlakshmi Bank:Tann,Mann,Dhan.(=body,mind and
Purple is the new colour of the new logo which the bank
claims signifies wealth and prosperity. The image of
Goddess Lakshmi in the old logo is retained in the
new logo because there is a lot of heritage to the
name of Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth.This means that
While modernizing the logo,core value of trust is
7)Federal Bank:Your perfect banking partner.(Slogan)
Logo:We make things happen.
8)H.D.F.C.Bank:We understand your world.(slogan)
Motto:To provide a package of attractive financial
service for housing purpose according to the
National goal of providing decent housing for all.
Times group was merged with HDFC on February 2000
and Centurion Bank of Punjab merged with HDFC on
9)ICICI Bank:Hum hai na!!(We are at your service)
Logo ”ICICI Bank” and logo ”1-man” are trademark
and property of ICICI Bank.
10)IndusInd Bank:We make you feel richer.(Slogan)
Motto:Perfection in Power.The Bank derives its name
from the Indus Valley civilization.The bank has tied
up with HDFC Bank Ltd to bring best home loan services
to its customers.
Ashok Leyland Finance Ltd was merged with IndusInd
Bank Ltd on June 17,2004.
11)ING Vysya Bank:Jiyo(live)easy.-Slogan.
Logo:ING is an abbreviation of ”Inernational
Netherland Group” and lion in the logo is
derived from various logos of predecessor
companies.ING Vysya Bank is a part of ING
Group, a global financial institution of Dutch
origin offering banking, insurance and asset
management to over 60 million private,corporate
and institutional clients.
12)Jammu and Kashmir Bank:Serving to empower.
Logo:The three coloured squares represent the
regions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. The form
created by the interaction of the squares is a
falcon with outstretched wings- a symbol of power
and empowerment. Green signifies growth and renewal.
Blue conveys stability and unity and red represents
energy and power.
13)Karnataka Bank:Your family Bank across India.
Logo:One triangle with another inverted triangle
over it. It is the symbol of Lord Ganesha.
14)Karur Vysya Bank:Smart way to bank.(Slogan)
Logo:Adopt technology to introduce innovative
products on an on-going basis and provide them at
15)Kotak Mahindra Bank:Let’s make money simple.
Logo:The symbol of infinite ”Ka” reflects infinite
number of ways to meet a variety of needs.
The ”Ka” is uniquely Indian while its curve
forms the infinity sign which is universal.
16)Laxmi Vilas Bank:The changing face of prosperity.
Logo:Come, walk the path of Lakshmi and celebrate
her blessings,wisdom,growth,contentment and a life
full of rich meaning.
17)Nainital Bank:Banking with personal touch.(Slogan)
Logo:To emerge as a customer centric National Bank.
The bank was merged with Bank of Baroda in 2006.
18)Saraswat Bank:Service to the Common Man!(Slogan)
Logo:Think global, act local.
19)South Indian Bank:Experience Next Generation
New logo:In the erstwhile logo of the bank, the
unique picture is that of coconut tree. The fronds
of the coconut palm form the basic theme of new logo.
The sharp ends of the fronds are smoothened,thickened
and twisted to form ”S,”denoting South Indian Bank.
Thus the new logo has the continuity from the erstwhile
logo.It can also be seen as two hands clinging to a
strong pillar in the middle. The pillar is the
institution. The upper hand represents the customers
and the lower hand symbolizes the staff members. ”S”
also projects as a Safe,Solid,Smart,Strong,Secular,
Shining,Schooled,Successful and Straightforward Bank.
The Corporate colour is cardinal red. Red represents
energy,creativity,warmth and love.The new identity is
to pronounce the warm relationship with the customers.
20)Yes Bank:Experience our expertise.(Slogan)
”Say Yes to Trust”(logo)
Taglines of Foreign Banks in India.
1)ABN(Algemene Bank Netherland)-AMRO(the first two
letters of each town namely Amsterdam and Rotterdam
make up AMRO) Bank.
The green and yellow shield logo has been used as a
brand for the Bank and all its subsidiaries.
Slogan:Making More Possible.
2)Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank:
Our Vision Your Future.(Slogan)
Vision:To build a partnership with the
customers that lasts a lifetime.
3)Bank of Ceylone(BOC):
The Bank You Can Trust.(Slogan)
Vision:Bankers to the nation.
Mission:To foster most rewarding
relationship with trust and reliability
for the customers, exceeding their
4)BNP Paribas Bank:
The Bank for a changing world.(Slogan)
Mission is to provide compelling customer
The CITI never sleeps.(Slogan)
Motto is to work tirelessly to serve
individuals,communities and nations.
6)Chinatrust Commercial Bank:
We Are Family.(Slogan)
Vision:To strive to meet the exacting
standards of the customers by becoming
highly performance bank.
A Passion to Perform.(Slogan)
Vision:To be a leading global investment
bank with a strong and profitable private
The World’s Local Bank.(Slogan)
Vision:To be leading international bank
9)JPMorgan Chase Bank:
The Right Relationship is Everything.(Slogan)
Vision:To be the best financial
services company in the world.
10)Standard Chartered Bank:
Vision:To play a key role in stimulating
economic and social development through the
services we provide by being a force for good.
Your Right Partner.(Slogan)
You’re richer than you think.(Slogan)
Vision:To be a leading financial services provider,
based in Canada, by being the best at helping
customers to become financially better off.
A soldier is a man of distinguished courage
or ability, admired for his heroic deeds and
The primary mission of the soldiers is
to ensure the national security and defence
of the nation from external aggression and threats
and to maintain peace and security within the
border of the country.They do their duties without
the thoughts of reward or recognition.They have a
diverse range of duties depending on their job titles.
Also the soldiers conduct rescue operations during
natural calamities and other disturbences. They save
the stranded people during flash floods and
landslides. Soldiers have unique responsibilities
depending on rank, duty position and even
geographical location.Indian army has been an active
participant in numerous United Nations Peace Keeping
Soldiers make themselves human shields to protect
civilians from attackers.They are employed to restore
law and order in a region of chaos.A soldier is
someone who risks his life to save others whom
he don’t know.Soldiers attack only those who fire
on them first.Considering the circumstances they
are put in,what soldiers do is really heroic and
Flowers beautify environment.
Also they serve as objects of romance,
ritual,religion,medicine and also as
a source of food.
Flowers have given a lot of inspirations to
people from all walks of life.
”God writes Gospel in flowers.”
”The earth smiles in flowers.”
”Life is like a flower; when we don’t
take care of it,it can wither and die.”
Happiness shared is the flower.
Where words escape, flowers speak.
The beauty of a flower lasts but a moment,
but it’s memory can last a lifetime.
”The flowers take the tears of weeping night
and give them to the sun, for the day’s delight.”
”A butterfly is a flying flower,
The flower, a tethered butterfly”
-Ponce Denis E. Le Brun.
”Flowers are the Love’s truest language”
”Flowers are our greatest silent friends.”
”Flowers are the music of the ground;
From the Earth’s lips spoken without sound”
Full many a flower is born to blush unseen
and waste it’s sweetness on the desert air.”
– Thomas Gray.
”Flowers seem intended for the solace of
”Flowers are the hieroglyphics of angels.”
”Bread feeds the body but the flowers feed
also the souls.”
”The rose has thorns only for those who would
The Chinese Proverb.
1)The environment created at home by the parents
has a great impact on a child’s personality.
Firmness combined with kindness has a deeper
and lasting impact on them. Harsh and aggressive
orders cause resentment.Children resent injustice
but are unable to voice their feelings. They react
with undesirable behaviour.
2)SLEEP=Stress Level Elimination Exercise Plan.
3)Life is too short to be taken seriously and
too precious to be taken lightly.
4)Singing can stop snoring.
5)The Oak tree is useless, but it grows tall
and beautiful and provides shade and sustenance
to others; had it been useful, it would have been
cut long ago and made into tables and chairs.
Old and economically unproductive are useless but
we can seek to benefit from their wisdom and experience.
6)Learn to communicate effectively. In communication
7% is what you say; 38% is how you say it; and 55%
depends on the body language. During a talk, hold
your thoughts and build a comprehensive response
rather than a knee jerk response.
7)Fantasy is a necessary ingredient in living.
It wakes up the brain cells. It’s a way of looking
at life through the wrong end of a telescope and
that enables you to laugh at life’s realities.
8)Music is the shield and sustenance against the
incessant blows from the world.
9)Nature of ”Self”–The ”Self” is like a mirror
that reflects the entire universe. Although a mirror
reflects the images of countless objects,it does not
retain any of them; in fact it remains detached and
indifferent to the objects it reflects. Similarly,
although a person is absorbed in love, lust, anger,
pride, arrogance, avarice and illusion, the ”Self”
remains detached, pure, luminous, untarnished and
10)Home contaminated with toxic chemicals:
Study of common household dust reveals hazardous
chemicals exist in textiles,cosmetics,upholstery,
computers, pesticides and other products. These
chemicals damage the development of the nervous
system and also harm the immune and reproductive
system.-says the study titled ”Sick of Dust.”(U.S.)
ತುಳು ತಿಂಗೊಲು ತೆರಿಲೆ.
ಪಗ್ಗು (ಮೇಷ );ಬೇಶ (ವೃಷಭ );ಕಾರ್ತೆಲ್ (ಮಿಥುನ );
ಆಟಿ (ಕರ್ಕಾಟಕ );ಸೋಣ (ಸಿಂಹ);ನಿರ್ನಾಲ (ಕನ್ಯಾ );
ಬೊಂತೆಲ್ (ತುಲಾ );ಜಾರ್ದೆ(ವೃಶ್ಚಿಕ );ಪೆರಾರ್ದೆ (ಧನು );
ಪುಯಿಂತೆಲ್ (ಮಕರ );ಮಾಯಿ(ಕುಂಭ);ಸುಗ್ಗಿ (ಮೀನ ).
ಬೊಲ್ಲೊಗ್ ಕಟ್ಟ ಕಟ್ಟಿ ಲೆಕ್ಕ .
ಲಾಭ ಇಜ್ಜಂದೆ ಬೇರದಾಯೆ ಬೊಲ್ಲೊಗ್ ಪೋವಯೆ .
ಆಜಿ ತಿಂಗೊಲು ಮರಿಯಾಲ;ಆಜಿ ತಿಂಗೊಲು ಅರೆಗಾಲ .
ಬೊಲ್ಲೊಡ ಜಲ್ಲೊಗ್ ಲಡಾಯಿ .
ಬತ್ತಿ ಬೊಲ್ಲ ಜಪ್ಪಡ್ ;ಇತ್ತಿ ಬೆಲ್ಲ ಕರಾವಡ್ ಪಂಡಿ ಲೆಕ .
ಬೊಲ್ಲೊಡ್ ಪೋಪುನಾಯೆಗ್ ಜಲ್ಲೊಡ್ ಕುಟ್ಟಿಲೆಕ್ಕ.
ಬೊಲ್ಲೊಡ್ ಪೋಪುನಾಯೆಗ್ ಗೆಲ್ಲೊಂಜಿ ತಿಕಿ ಲೆಕ್ಕ .
ಬಲಕೆ ಇತ್ತಿನಾಯಗ್ ಕೊಲಕೆ . (ಸಾಧಕನಿಗೆ ಮಾತ್ರ ಕೊಳಕೆ ಬೆಳೆ )
ಕರ್ಬಾಸ್ (ಹೋರಿ )ಕಟ್ ದ್ ದಪ್ಪೊಡು(ಉಳ ಬೇಕು ) ;
ಸುಗ್ಗಿ=ಮದ್ಮಲ್ ;ಕೊಲಕೆ =ಪೆದ್ಮೆದಿ (ಬಾಣಂತಿ )
”ಪತ್ತನಾಜೆ ಪನ್ಪಿನವು ಮರಿಯಾಲ ಸುರು ಆವರೆ ಮುನ್ನುಡಿ ಇತ್ತಿ
ಲೆಕ್ಕ . ಪತ್ತನಾಜೆ ಕರಿಂಡ ಮರಿಯಾಲ ಸುರು . ದೈವೊಲು
ಈಶ್ವರನ ಗಣೊಕುಲು. ಮರಿಯಾಲೊಡು ದೈವೊಲು ಕೈಲಾ ಸೊಗ್
ಪೋಪ . ಅಂಚಾದ್ ಮರಿಯಾಲೊಡು ಆಗೆಲ್ ,ಕೋಲ ,ನೇಮ ,
ತಂಬಿಲ ಇಂಚಿತ್ತಿನ ಉತ್ಸವ ತುಳುನಾಡ್ ಡ್ ಕೊರ್ಪುಜೆರ್ .”
”ಪಂಚ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ ಭಾಷೆಲೆಡ್ ಒಂಜಾಯಿನ ತುಳುಕು, ದೇಶದ
ಸಂವಿಧಾನೊದ ಎಣ್ಮನೇ ಪರಿಚ್ಛೇದೊಡ್ ನೆಲೆ ತಿಕ್ಕ್ ದ್ ಜಿ .
ತಮಿಳ್ ,ಕನ್ನಡ , ತೆಲುಗು ,ಮಲಯಾಳ ಭಾಷೆಲು ಆಯಾ
ರಾಜ್ಯದ ಆಡಳಿತ ಭಾಷೆ ಆದ್ ಬೆಳಗ್ ಯ. ತುಳುಕು ಈ
ಯೋಗ ತಿಕ್ಕ್ ಜಿ. ದಾಯೆ ಪಂಡ ನಮ್ಮ ಭಾಷೆದ ಪುದರ್ ಡ್
ತುಳುನಾಡ್ ಸ್ಥಾಪನೆ ಆಯಿಜಿ. ನಮ್ಮ ದುರಂತ ತೂಲೆ .
ಇನಿ ಬೇತೆ ನಾಲ್ ಭಾಷೆಲೆಗ್ ಬಿರಿಯಾನಿ ವನಸ್ ಕೊರ್ನಗ ,
ನಂಕ್ ಗಂಜಿಲಾ ಕೊರ್ಪುಜೆರತ್ತಾ ಪಂಡ್ ದ್ ಉಸಿರ್
ಸುಯಿಂಪುನ ಗತಿ ನಮ್ಮ…. !”-ಸುಧಾಕರ ಸುವರ್ಣ ತಿಂಗಳಾಡಿ.
೧)ಒಂದು ಬಟ್ಟಲು ನೀರಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಹಿಡಿ ಉಪ್ಪು ಹಾಕಿದರೆ
ಸೇವಿಸಲು ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾಗದು . ಅದೇ ಒಂದು ಹಿಡಿ ಉಪ್ಪನ್ನು
ನದಿಗೆ ಹಾಕಿದರೆ ಅದನ್ನು ವಿಶಾಲವಾದ ನದಿ ಜೀರ್ಣಿಸಿ
ಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತದೆ . ಆ ನೀರು ಸೇವಿಸಲು ಸಾಧ್ಯ. ಹಾಗೇ ಹೃದಯ
ಸಣ್ಣ ಬಟ್ಟಲಿನಂತಿದ್ದರೆ, ಟೀಕೆ,ಸಂಕಷ್ಟ ಗಳು ಅಪಾರ ಚಿಂತೆ,
ದುಃಖ ಉಂಟು ಮಾಡುತ್ತವೆ. ಪ್ರೀತಿ,ಕರುಣೆಗಳಿಂದ ಎದೆಯನ್ನು
ಹಿಗ್ಗಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು, ನದಿಯಂತೆ ವಿಶಾಲವಾಗಿಸಿದರೆ ಕಟು ಟೀಕೆಗಳನ್ನು,
ಸಂಕಷ್ಟಗಳನ್ನು ಅರಗಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ಶಕ್ತಿಯನ್ನು ಪಡೆಯುತ್ತದೆ.
-ಮೊಳಕಾಲ್ಮೂರು ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸ ಮೂರ್ತಿ .
೨)”ಸಮಾನಶೀಲ ವ್ಯಸನೇಷು ಸಖ್ಯಂ ”
(=ಸ್ವಭಾವ,ನಡತೆ ಮತ್ತು ಅಭಿರುಚಿಯು ಸಮಾನವಾಗಿದ್ದವರಲ್ಲಿ
ಮಾತ್ರ ಮೈತ್ರಿ ಮತ್ತು ವಿವಾಹ ಸಂಬಂಧವು ಸ್ಥಿರವಾಗಿರುತ್ತದೆ .)
೩)ಶುದ್ಧ ಸಂಗೀತಕ್ಕೆ ಭಯೋತ್ಪಾದಕ ಮನಸ್ಸನ್ನೂ
ಬದಲಿಸುವ ಶಕ್ತಿ ಇದೆ. ಭಾರತೀಯ ಸಂಗೀತದಲ್ಲಿ
ಆಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಿಕತೆ ಇದೆ. ಹಿಂದಿನ ಸಂಗೀತ ರಾಗಾಧಾರಿತ
ವಾಗಿರುತ್ತಿತ್ತು . ಇಂದು ರೋಗಗ್ರಸ್ತ ವಾಗಿದೆ. ಮೊದಲಿನ
ಸಂಗೀತದಲ್ಲಿ ಹಿತವಿತ್ತು. ಈಗಿನ ಸಂಗೀತದ ಕೆಟ್ಟ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ
ದಿಂದ ಮಾನಸಿಕ ವಿಕೃತಿ ಹೆಚ್ಚುತ್ತಿದೆ. ಸಂಗೀತಕ್ಕೆ
ಮೈ ಮರೆಸುವ ಗುಣ ಇದೆ . ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ಮನಸೋತರೆ
ದೇವರನ್ನು ಪೂಜಿಸುವುದನ್ನೂ ಮರೆಯಬಹುದೆಂಬ
ಕಾರಣಕ್ಕೆ ಇಸ್ಲಾಂ ಧರ್ಮದಲ್ಲಿ ಸಂಗೀತಕ್ಕೆ ಪ್ರಾಧಾನ್ಯತೆ ಇಲ್ಲ.
-ಫಯಾಜ್ ಖಾನ್ -ಗಾಯಕ,ಸಾರಂಗಿ,ತಬಲಾ ವಾದಕ .
ಕಾಲ ಗಣನೆ .
ಕ್ರಿಸ್ತ ಹುಟ್ಟಿದಂದಿನಿಂದ ಶಿಲುಬೆಗೇರಿಸುವ ವರೆಗಿನ ಕಾಲವನ್ನು
ಪರಿಗಣಿಸುವುದು ಸುಲಭ. ABCD. B.C. =Before Christ .
A.D. =After Death .
ಜನವರಿ 1 ರಿಂದ December ಅಂತ್ಯದವರೆಗೆ Christian
Calendar Year .
April 1 ರಿಂದ March 31ರ ವರೆಗೆ ಆರ್ಥಿಕ ವರ್ಷ .
June 1 ರಿಂದ March 31ರ ವರೆಗೆ ಶೈಕ್ಷಣಿಕ ವರ್ಷ .
ಹಿಂದುಗಳಿಗೆ ಧಾರ್ಮಿಕವಾಗಿ ಚೈತ್ರ ಪ್ರತಿಪದೆಯಿಂದ
ಫಾಲ್ಗುಣ ಅಮವಾಸ್ಯೆಯವರೆಗೆ ಚಾಂದ್ರಮಾನ ವರ್ಷ.
ಕೆಲವರಿಗೆ ವಿಷು(ಸಂಕ್ರಮಣ )ದಿಂದ ಮತ್ತೊಂದು ಸಂಕ್ರಮಣದವರೆಗೆ
ಸೌರಮಾನ ವರ್ಷ. ಮುಸಲ್ಮಾನರಿಗೆ ಧಾರ್ಮಿಕವಾಗಿ
ಹಿಜರಿ ಶಕೆ, ವ್ಯಾವಹಾರಿಕವಾಗಿ ಕ್ರಿಸ್ತ ಶಕೆ ;ಹೀಗೆ ಭಿನ್ನ
ಭಿನ್ನ ಕಾಲಗಣನೆ ಬಳಕೆಯಲ್ಲಿವೆ.
Calendar [=ಸಾರಿ ಹೇಳು (Latin )}ಪದವನ್ನು ಮೊದಲು
ಬಳಸಿದವರು ರೋಮನ್ನರು . ಯೇಸು ಕ್ರಿಸ್ತನ ಜನನಕ್ಕೆ ಹಲವು
ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಮೊದಲೇ ಈ ಪದ ಬಳಕೆಯಲ್ಲಿತ್ತು.
ಕ್ರಿ. ಪೂ. 6೦೦ ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಹಿಂದೆ ಈಜಿಪ್ತ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾಲ ಗಣನೆ
ಆರಂಭ . ಆದರೆ ತಿಥಿ ,ವಾರ,ನಕ್ಷತ್ರ ,ಯೋಗ ,ಕರಣ ಎಂಬ
೫ ಅಂಗಗಳುಳ್ಳ ಹಿಂದೂ ಪಂಚಾಂಗದ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನತೆ ನಿರ್ಧರಿಸುವುದು
೧)ಸಂದು ನೋವಿಗೆ (Joint Pain )ರಸಬಾಳೆ
ರಾಮ ಬಾಣ .
೨)Omega -3 ಕೊಬ್ಬಿನ ಆಮ್ಲ ಕಣ್ಣಿನ ಆರ್ದ್ರತೆಯನ್ನು
೩)ಬಾಲ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ರಕ್ತ ನಾಳಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಹರಿಯುವ ರಕ್ತ ತೆಳುವಾಗಿದ್ದು
ತ್ವರಿತ ಗತಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸಾಗುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತದೆ. ವಯಸ್ಸಾದಂತೆ ರಕ್ತನಾಳ
ಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಹರಿವ ರಕ್ತ ಮಂದವಾಗುತ್ತ ನಿಧಾನವಾಗಿ ಸಾಗುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತದೆ.
ಬೆಣ್ಣೆ ,ತುಪ್ಪ,cheese ತಿಂದರೆ ಕೊಬ್ಬು ಸೇರಿ ರಕ್ತ ಇನ್ನಷ್ಟು
೪)ಬೇವು ಮಾನಸಿಕ ಒತ್ತಡ ಪರಿಹಾರಕ್ಕೆ ಪರಿಣಾಮಕಾರಿ ಔಷಧಿ.
ಬೇವು ರಕ್ತ ಶೋಧಕವೂ ಹೌದು. ಬೇವಿನ ರಸ ಸೇವನೆಯಿಂದ
ಅಧಿಕ ರಕ್ತದೊತ್ತಡ ಕಡಿಮೆಯಾಗುವುದು.ರಕ್ತದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಬ್ಬಿನ
ಪ್ರಮಾಣ ಮತ್ತು ಕೊಲೆಸ್ಟ್ರಾಲ್(cholesterol) ಮಟ್ಟ ಕ್ಷೀಣಿಸುವುದು.
The year 2013 has been declared as ”The United
Nations International Year of Water Co-operation”
by the United Nations General Assembly in December
2010; and as ”The International Year of the Quinoa”
by the United Nations General Assembly in December,2011.
Quinoa, a highly nutritious, grain like crop has been
the staple food for centuries in South America. U.N. is
hoping to eradicate poverty by popularising the quinoa, the
life-sustaining seed which help combat malnutrition among infants.
The month January is named after the Roman God Janus, the
god of doors(Latin word for door-Janus) because this month
is door to the year.God Janus is depicted as having two faces
since he looks to the future and and to the past.
January-1.-New Year Day.
Birthday of Sonali Bendre, cine actress(1975);
Birthday of Nana Patekar, Bollywood actor.(1951)
—do—of Shri Satyendranath Bose-mathematician and physician
—do—of Vidya Balan, cine actress.(1978)
—do—of Subramanya Raje Urs, popularly known as
Sudan Independence Day(1956)
World Trade Organisation was founded.(1995)
Kalpataru Day(1886)Saint Ramakrishna Paramahamsa revealed his
mission to the world.
Name of Madras, capital of Tamilnadu was changed as Chennai(1996)
which is the shortened form of Chennapattinam, the original name
Anniversary of the Bra. (1907)
Yearly celebration of ”Birth of Revolution Day” in Palestine.
European single currency Euro replaced various national currencies.
George Washington unveiled the Grand Union Flag, the first
national flag in America on January 1, 1776.
Bharata Ratna Award was established on Jauary 2, 1954.
Death Anniversary of Safdar Hashmi(1989), a communist playwright,
actor, director and lyricist associated with street dramas in India.
Birthday of Dr.Chandrashekhar Kambara, author. (1937)
Birth day of Sanjay khan(1941)-Bollywood actor.
—do— of Mel Gibson,(1956)-American actor.
Independence day of Burma(Myanmar)-(1948).
World Braille Day is observed every year
on 4th January to honor the birthday of
Louis Braille (1809), the inventor of
braille, a system of reading and writing
used by peeople who are blind or visually
Birthday of Gopaldas Neeraj(1924)-poet and author in Hindi literature.
Birthday of Zulphikar Ali Bhutto,ex-Pak Prime Minister.(1928)
—do—-of Geetha S. Heblikar,classical Hindustani musician.
—do—-of Mamta Bannerjee, 8th and current chief minister of West Bengal.
She is the first woman chief minister of West Bengal.
—do—-of Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi, politician. (1934)
—do—-of Parama Hamsa Yogananda, Indian yogi who introduced Kriya Yoga
through his book,”Autobiography of a yogi.”He was born at Gorakhpur(U.P.)
—do—- of V.T.Kulakarni(Galaganatha), Kannada author.(1869)
—do—-of Deepika Padukone, Bollywood actress.(1986)
—do—-of Uday Chopra,(1973) Bollywood actor and son of Yash Chopra.
—do—-of Mansoor Ali Khan(1941),cricketer and Nawab of Pataudi;
spouse-Sharmila Tagore,ex-Bollywood actress; children-Saif Ali Khan,
(Bollywood actor, spouse of Karina Kapur),Saba,Soha(daughters).
Mansoor died on September 22,2011 due of respiratory failure due to
acute lung infection.
—do—-of Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor. He was born (1592) in Lahore.
Hitler founded Nazi Party in Germany.(1919)
Madhvacharya, founder of Shri Krishna temple in Udupi was born on 1199,
at Pajaka in Udupi District. According to Hindu calendar the day was on
Magha shukla navami in Kalayukti Samvatsara.
Apiphany or Twelfth Day-A Christian feast observed in commemoration of
manifestation of Jesus to the gentiles in the persons of Magi.
Birthday of Kapildev,cricket player/sportsman, popularly known as
Birthday of A.R.Rahman,singer,composer and music director (1966)
Beant Singh and Kehar Singh who were said to be involved in
killing of Indira Gandhi, the Prime Minister of India were Hanged.(1989)
Death anniversary of Dr. P.K.Sethi, the inventor of”Jaipur Foot”(2008)
Dr. Maria Montessori founded Montessori system of education. The first
”House of Children” was started on January 6,1907.
Founder’s Day of United Commercial Bank .Ghanshyam Das Birla founded the
UCO Bank on January 6, 1943.
Birthday of Shobha De,(1948)-columnist and writer.
–do—–of Reena Roy,(1957)-Bollywood actress.
–do—–of Nicolas Cage,(1964)-American actor.
–do—–of Bipasha Basu,(1979)-Bollywood actress.
–do—–of B.Saroja Devi(1938)-actress, who acted in Kannada,Hindi,
Tamil and Telugu. She has been named as ”Abhinaya Saraswathi
by Kannada film industry.
Death anniversary of Hotte Paksha Rangaswamy,(1933-2007)-politician.
–do————–of Bimal Roy,(1909-1966)-Indian film producer
Birthday of Stephen Hawking(1942)-Scientist.
–do—–of Elvis Presley(1935-1977)-King of Rock and Roll.
–do—–of Junichiro Koizumi.(1942)-Japanese 87th Prime Minister.
–do—–of Mary Evans Wadia(1908-1996)- actress and stunt woman.
She was popularly known as Fearless /hunterwali Nadia. She is
remembered as masked adventuress in ”Hunterwali” released in
1935. It was one of the earliest female lead Indian cinema.
Death anniversary of Galileo(1642)-Italian astronomer, mathematician,
physicist and philosopher.He was awarded life imprisonment on june 23,1633,
but he was allowed to serve his imprisonment under house arrest
because of his old age and poor health.He died on 8th January,1642.
He was born on February 15,1564, the same year when Shakespeare was born.
Death anniversary of Terry Thomas (10th July,1911 to 8th January, 1990)
-Comic English actor.
Birthday of Richard Nixon,(1913 to 1994)the 37th President of U.S.A.
—do—of Mahendra Kapur, (1934 to 2008)-playback singer.
—do—of Farah Khan,(1965)-Indian film director, actress and
Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas(Non-Resident Indian Day) is celebrated each
year to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian community to
the development of India.The day was chosen to mark the return
of Gandhiji from South Africa to India in 1915.
Birthday of Jesudas(1940), singer.
—do—–of Hritik Roshan(1974)-Bollywood actor.
—do—–of Narhar Vishnu Gadgil alias Kaka Saheb,(1896 to 1966)
Indian freedom fighter and writer.
Tashkent Agreement(peace agreement) between India and Pakistan
on 1966 after the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. Ayub Khan(Pakistan
General) and Lal Bahadur Shastri(P.M.India) signed the agreement to
end the 17 days war.
Death anniversary of U.S.Krishna Rao, founder of ”Kadri Nrutya
Vidya Nilaya” (dance school of Kadri) expired on 2007.He was a
Bharatnatyam dance guru.
Death aaiversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri,(1904 to 1966)-Prime
Minister of India.
Birthday of Rahul Sharad Dravid,(1973)-Indian cricketer.
—do—-of Anju Mahendru, (1946)- actress.
Death anniversary of Edmund Hillary,(1919 to 2008)-mountaineer. He was
the first person to climb Mt.Everest.He was a Newzealander and
along with Norgay Tenzing(Nepalese guide)reached the summit on
Birthday of Swami Vivekananda (B:January 12,1863;D:July 4,1902)
is celebrated as National Youth Day in India.His original name was
Birthday of Maharishi Mahendra Yogi,(1918 to 2008)-founder of
Transcendental Meditation technique.
Death anniversary of Amrish Puri,(1932 to 2005)-Bollywood’s
Death anniversary of Kumara Gandharva,(1924 to 1992)-Hindustani
Death anniversary of Ramakrishna Hegde,(2004)-former chief
minister of Karnataka.
Zanzibar Revolution Day(1964). Revolutionaries overthrew the
Sultan of Zanzibar and his mighty Arab government
Haiti Earthquake of magnitude 7Mw(2010); death tol l was
believed to be 5 lakhs.
Birth day of Imran Khan,(1983)-Bollywood actor.
Death anniversary of Madan Puri,(1915 to 1985)-Bollywood actor.
—-do————of Dr. M.Shivaram, popularly known as Rashi.
(1905 to 1984)-Kannada author, who founded the humourous Kannada
Death of Bala Gangadharanatha swamiji,(2013) seer of Adichunchanagiri,
Mandya District,Karnataka. He was awarded Padma Bhushana on 2010.
Lohri is the popular festival celebrated with bonfire,songs and
dance(Bhangra and Gidda)by Punjabi people.The festival is celebrated
by people of other states like Jammu, Punjab-Sindh,Haryana,
Himachal Pradesh and Delhi.
Walt Disney’s ‘Micky Mouse’-The strip debuted on January 13, 1930.
Birthday of Sobhan babu,(1937to2008)-Telugu(language) actor.
–do—–of Narain Karthikeyan,(1977)-the first Formula One Motor
Racing driver from India.
Death anniversary(2009) of K.K.Pai(Kalsanka Kamalakhsha Pai),the first
Chairman of Syndicate Bank, Registrar of Manipal Academy of
General Education and President of Manipal Media Network Limited.
(Born on 1921)
Diary/Candle day in South Korea. They celebrate Valentine Day(holiday) on
14th of every month.
Kite Flying festival in Gujarat State and other parts of North India.
The sun enters Makara rashi(Capricorn) on 14th January which day is
called as Makara Sankranti in North India,Tila(sesame) sankranti in
Karnataka and Pongal in Tamilnadu.It is the first festival of the year
for Hindus. Kumbha Mela is held on this day every 3rd year at 4 places,
namely Haridwar, Allahabad,Nasik and Ujjain. Maha Kumbha Mela is held
every 12th year at Prayag.
Makara Jyothi is worshipped at Shabarimalai temple, as a part of ritual
on Makara sankranthi day, January 14th every year.
Birthday of Mayawati,(1956)- leader of Bahujan Samajvadi Party.(B.S.P.)
She served 4 terms as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.
Birthday of Martin Luther King Junior,(B:January 15,1929;D: April 4, 1968)
was an American clergyman,activist and leader in the African-American
Civil Rights Movement.He is known for his role in the advancement of
civil rights, using non-violent civil disobedience. His birthday is
observed on third Monday of January every year.
Army Day is celebrated in India on 15th of January every year.
National Nothing Day.
Hot and Spicy Food Day.
Mattu Pongal-Mattu means cow in Tamil and Pongal literally means
boiled rice.(a rice and lentil dish) In Tamilnadu, it is a festival
of thanks giving to cattle.This festival occurs on the following
day of Pongal.
Birthday of Kabir Bedi,(1946)-Bollywood actor.
—do—-of O.P.Nayyar(1926 to 2007)-music director and composer.
—do—-of Kate Moss,(1974)-top earning English model.
Death anniversary of Dr.D.S.Karki,(1984)-kannada poet.
Ellamavasye is no moonday in the month of Margashira
according to Hindu calendar. (January 11th, 2013)
Mauni Amavasye is no moon day in the month of Pushya,
according to Hindu calendar.(on 10th February,2013)
Mauni is derived from the word Muni,which literally means
an ascetic who practices silence.Purandaradasa, devotee of
purandara Vitala(Shri Hari), is remembered on this day.He
is regarded as the ”Grand Father”of carnatic music.
He propagated Dasa Sahitya among South Indians.He is one of
the 3 great saints of South India.
Birthday of M.G.Ramachandran,(1917 to 1987)Tamil actor and
chief minister of Tamilnadu.He served successively for 3
terms as chief minister of Tamilnadu.
Birthday of Javed Akhtar(1945)-poet and lyricist from India
—do—-of Muhammed Ali,(1942)Boxing legend.
—do—-of Tonse Anant Pai/T.A.Pai,(B:17,January 1922;
D: 29 May 1981)was responsible for the success of Syndicate Bank
as it’s General Manager and later as Chairman.He also was the
founder of T.A.Pai Management institute at Manipal, a business
school offering management education .
Death anniversary of Bobby Fischer,(1943-2008),American chess
grandmaster and 11th world Chess Champion.
Death anniversary of Jyothi Basu,(1914 to 2010).He served as
chief minister of West Bengal from 1977 to 2000. This made him
the longest-serving chief minister of any state.
Death anniversary of Zhao-Ziang,(1919-2005)-reform icon and chief of
Communist Party, China.
Birthday of Shri Balagangadharanatha Swamiji,(1945 to 2013) the seer of
Adichunchanagiri Math in Mandya district.
Birthday of Daniel Hale Williams,(1858 to 1931)-cardiologist.
Birthday of Sandalwood Veerappan,(1952 to 2004)-the forest brigand who
abducted Kannada actor Raajkumar and kept him in captivity for 100 days.
Death anniversary of Kundanlal Sehagal,(1904 to 1947)-Bollywood
singer and actor.
Birthday of N.T.Rama Rao,(1923 to1996)-Telugu actor.
Death anniversary of K.S.Ashwath,(1925 to 2010)-Kannada actor.
”Udupi Paryaya” is a religious ritual which takes place every
alternate year in Shri Krishna Math, Udupi. Each Swamiji of every
Matha(8 Mathas are there)gets chance to perform puja to Udupi
Shri Krishna for a period of 2 years.
18 is the number which is dear to Lord Krishna. There are 18 Parvas
(chapters) in Mahabharat and 18 chapters in Shrimad Bhagavadgita.
Paryaya ritual takes place on 18th of January.
Indian Parliament Building(1927)was inaugurated by Lord Irwin,
the then Governer General of India.(designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens
and Sir Herbert Baker.)
Mahadev Govinda Ranade(B:18 January 1842;D:16 January 1901) was
the founding member of the Indian National Congress, social reformer
Birthday of Sawai Gandharva,(1886 to 1952)-Hindustani classical
Birthday of Edgar Allan Poe,(1809 to 1849)-author.
Death anniversary of Rajanish, (1931 to 1990)-the founder of OSHO.
Death anniversary of Abdul Gaffar Khan, popularly called by Indians as
”Frontier Gandhi”,(1890 to 1988)-Indian independence activist,
political and spiritual leader,known for his non-violent opposition to
British Raj in British India.
Death anniversary of Parvin Babi,(1949 to 2005)-actress.
Death anniversary of George Orwell,(1903 to 1950)-author.
—–do———–of Chindodi Leela,(1937 to 2010)-stage and
Louis XVI, monarch of France was executed by the revolutionists
by means of guilotine.(1793)
Death anniversary of Muhammad Hussain Azad,(1830 to 1910)-Urdu poet.
Birthday of Netaji,Subhashchandra Bose,(1897 to 1945)
—do—-of Bala Thackeray,(1926 to 2012)-founer of Shiva Sena.
—do—-of Ramesh Sippi,(1947)-film director.
World’s worst earth quake in Shensi Province, China(1556).
Death toll was 8,30,000.
Birthday of Subhash Ghai,(1945)-film director, producer and
Birthday of Riya sen,(1983)-actress and model.
Death anniversary of Homi Jehangir Bhabha,(1909 to 1966) He was
nuclear Physicist and founding director of 2 well-known
research institutions, namely Tata Institute of Fundamental
Research and the Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment at Mumbai.
He died when the Air India Flight 101 crashed near Mont Blanc on
24 January, 1966.
Death anniversary of Pandit Bhimsen Joshi,(B:4 February1922;D:24 January 2011)-vocalist
in the Hindustani classical tradition.He was awarded Bharat Ratna
National Day of Girl Child is celebrated by the government of India
with an objective to raise awareness among Indians about the
inequality faced by the girl children worldwide based upon their
”Jana Gana Mana”, the song composed by Ravindranath Tagore
was identified in the Constitution as National Anthem.(1950)
Birthday of Kavitha Krishnamurthy,(1958)-playback singer.
—-do– of Michael Madhusudan Dutt,(1824 to 1873)-popular 19th
century Bengali Poet.
Cancellation of Governor General post(1950). The first Governor
General was Chakravarti Rajagopalachari,informally called as
Rajaji. He was appointed on June 21,1948 and remained in the
post until 25th January 1950.
More than 300 people died during pilgrimage/Jatra in Satara
temple stampede at Mandara Devi Kalabai temple, located atop
the Mandhradevi hill,9K.M. away from Wai,in Satara district.
Indian Republic Day.(1950)
The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950.
The Constitution of India is the world’s lengthiest written
Constitution with 395 articles and 8 schedules. It contains the
good points taken from the Constitutions of many countries
in the world.
International Customs Day.
National Day of Australia.
Sydney(Australia) was establishes in 1788.
Birthday of prominent Kannada poet, K.S.Narasimha Swamy,popularly
known as ”Mallige(jasmine) Kavi(poet)”-(B:26 January, 1915;
The British took control of Hongkong on a long lease.(1841)
Hindi became National Language.(1965)
2001:Earth quake in Gujarat More than 20,000people were
believed to be dead and 1,66,001 people were injured.
1531:Earth quake in Lisbon,Portugal.
1700:Cascadia earth quake.
1967:Apollo-I exploded -3 astronauts were killed.
Birthday of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,(1756 to 1791)-an Australian
composer.He wrote symphonies,created operas,solos and archestral
pieces,before his death at 35.
Death anniversary of O.P.Nayyar,(1926-2007)-music director.
—-do———– of Ramaswamy Venkataraman,(1910-2009)
ex-President of India.
Holocaust Memorial Day.Jews of Europe were killed by Nazis
in death campus between 1940-1945. Red army soldiers liberated
Nazi death camp at Auschwitz in Poland on 27th January, 1945.
U.N.O. declared the event as International Day of Commemoration
in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust.
Birthday of Bobby Deol,(1969)-Bollywood actor.
—do— of Amar Singh,(1956)-U.P.(Uttar Pradesh)Politician.
Birthday of Lala lajpat Rai,(B:January 28,1865;D:November 17,1928)
He was a freedom fighter and author. He was popularly known
as ”Punjab Kesari”(=Lion of Punjab) and was the part of
the ”Lal,Bal, Pal” trio.Punjab National Bank was founded by
a group of patriots lead by Lala Lajapat Rai.
Birth day of Dr.Raja Ramanna.(scientist) He was
known for -”Operation Smiling Buddha”,”Operation Shakti”
and Indian Nuclear Programme.(1925 to 2004)
Birthday of Pandit Jasraj,(1930)-Indian classical vocalist.
—do— of Dr.Saa.Shi Marulayya,(1931)-Kannada author.
Death anniversary of William Butler Yeats,(1865 to 1939)
-Irish poet and author. He was awarded Nobel Prize in
Literature in 1923.
Birthday of Oprah Winfrey,(1954)-American media proprietor,
talk show host,actress,producer and philanthropist.
Birthday of Rajya Vardhan Singh Rathore,(1970)-Born in
Jaisalmer,an army officer, winner of silver medal in shooting
in 2004 Olympics.
The space shuttle,”Challenger” exploded,(1986) taking the
lives of 7.(1 astronaut and 6 crew members)
Death anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhiji.(1948)
Nathuram Godse shot him at Teen Murthi area of New Delhi.
Martyrs Day,Sarvodaya day and Anti Leprosy Day also are
observed on 30th January every year.
Birthday of Franklin D. Roosewelt,(1882 to 1945)-32nd
President of U.S.A.
Birthday of Jemima Khan,(1974)-writer, campaigner and
associate Editor of ‘New Statesman.’
Death anniversary of Sydney Sheldon,(1917 to 2007)-Novelist.
His best sellers are-‘Rage of Angels’,The Sands of Time’and
‘The Other Side of Midnight.’
Death anniversary of Vyasaraya Ballal,(1923 to 2008)-novelist.
National Day of Nauru, formerly known as Pleasant Island, is
an island country in Micronesia in the South Pacific.Nauru is
the world’s smallest republic, covering just 21 square Kilometre.
”Love Your Wife Day” in Japan.
Birthday of D.R.Bendre(Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre);Pen name-
”Ambika Tanaya Datta.”Born at Dharwar, Karnataka.
(B:January 31,1896;D:October 26, 1981)
-prominent poet in Kannada literature of Navodaya period.
Birthday of Preity Zinta,(1975)-actress.
—do—of Amrita Arora,(1981)-actress.
Death anniversary of Suraiya,(1929 to 2004)-playback singer.
——do———of T.Nagesh Rao, original name-Krishna Gundu Rao,
(1933 to 2009)-Tamil film actor(comedian); he has acted in more
than 1,000 films.
Death anniversary of H.Narasimhaiah,(1920 to 2005)-‘Padmabhushana’
award winner, Kannada author.
Parshwanatha was the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism.(C 872-C 772)
He was born on the 10th day of the dark half of Marghashira month
to King Ashwasena and queen Vamadevi. He attained Nirvana on
Shravana shukla saptami.