October is breast cancer awareness month.
Dates and events:-
International Day of Doctors is observed on the first Monday
Thanks giving day in Canada is observed on second Monday in October.
1.—a.The United Nations International Day of Older Persons
or senior citizens is observed all over the world to recognize
the contributions of older persons and to examine issues that
affect their lives.
b.World Vegetarian Day is observed since 1977. .
NASA was founded on 1958.
The first all-India stamps were issued on 1st October, 1854.
Birthday of Theosophist, Anni Besant (October 1,1847 to
Voluntary blood donation day.
Andhra Pradesh was carved out of Madras State on 1953.
Independence day of Nigeria (1960)
Walt Disney World Resort was opened on 1971 at Orlando,Florida
IDBI Bank was founded on 1st July 1964 as the apex Development
Financial Institution in the realm of industry until September 30,
2004. Thereafter IDBI was converted into a full service commercial
bank since October 1, 2004.
World Blind Day is observed on the second Thursday of October
2.—a.(1869)Birthday of India’s ”National Father” Mahatma Gandhiji.
b.”Joy of Giving” week(Oct.2-Oct.8). ”India’s Festival of Giving”
launched in 2009, is celebrated every year in the week including
Gandhi Jayanthi, i.e., October 2-8 and brings together Indians from
all walks of life to celebrate ”giving.”
c.International Day of Non-violence.
d.Birthday of Lal Bahadur Shastri(B:2-10-1904;D:11-1-1966), the
second Prime Minister of India.His slogan,”Jai Jawaan, Jai Kisaan”(Hail
the soldier; Hail the farmer) became very popular and is remembered even today.
He became a national hero following the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. He died at
of a heart attack at Tashkent. He was known for his honesty and humility
throughout his life.He was posthumously awarded ”Bharat Ratna” and a memorial
”Vijay Ghat” was built for him in Delhi. The International Airport at Varanasi
is named after him.
World Habitat Day.
Asha Parekh(B:2 October 1942) is a Bollywood film actress.
3.—a.German Unity Day-marks the anniversary of the nation’s unification.
Federal Republic of Germany(west) and the Democratic Republic of Germany(east)
united to create one single federal Germany on October 3, 1990.
4.—World Animal Welfare Day.
5.—a.World Smile Day is celebrated on first Friday of October since 1999;
launched by Harvey Ball World Smile Foundation.
b.International Teachers’ Day (U.N. and UNESCO).
c.Tech Titan and computer visionary Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple died
of pancreatic cancer on October 5, 2011. He was 56.
6.—International Frugal Fun Day is celebrated on first Saturday of October.
Vinod Khanna(B:6 October, 1946) is an Indian actor of Bollywood films.
7.–T.Ubaid (B:October 7, 1908 to 1972)was a Mappila poet and member
of Kerala Sahitya Academy.
8.—a.”Thanks Giving Day” in Canada is observed on second Monday in October.
b.Columbus Day is celebrated annually on second Monday of October in
U.S.A. since 1971, to remember Christopher Columbus’s arrival to America on
October 12, 1492. Indegeneous People’s Day(celebrated in Berkeley, California)
also known as Native Americans’ Day(celebrated in South Dakota) is celebrated
to promote Native American culture and commemorate the history of Native American
peoples. The celebration began in Berkeley, California as an alternative to
Columbus Day. It is held on second Monday of October coinciding with federal
observance of Columbus Day. In Hawaii, Columbus Day is observed as Landing Day
or Discoverer’s Day.
c.Indian Air Force Day. The Indian Air Force Act came into force on 8 October,1932.
e. World Humanitarian Action Day.
10.World Post Day.
World Day Against Death Penalty recognized by WCADP(World Coalition Against
Death Penalty), which is an alliance of more than 130 NGOs, bar associations, local
authorities and unions aiming at universal abolition of death penalty.
b.World Mental Health Day. It was first celebrated in 1992 at the initiative of
the World Federation for Mental Health, a global mental health organization with
members and contacts in more than 150 countries.
c.Rekha(B:10 October 1954) is an Indian film actress
who has mainly appeared in Hindi cinemas.
11.—a.70th birthday(1942) of Amitaabh bachchan, Bollywood actor.
b.(First) International Day of Girl child(UN) to promote girls’ rights, to emphasize
education for girls. The day calls for an end to child marriage.
c. World Sight Day(UN,WHO.) is an annual day of awareness to focus global
attention on blindness, visual impairment and rehabilitation of visually impaired,
held on second Thursday of October.
12—a.World Arthritis Day.
b. World Egg Day is observed on second Friday of October annually.
13.—a.World Hospice and Palliative Care Day is observed on second Saturday of
b.International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction.(U.N.)
14.—World Standards Day.
World Maths Day is observed on first wednesday of March
and on October 14 each year.
15.—a.Shirdi Saibaba’s mahasamadhi(=complete absorption of the individual
consciousness in the self at the time of death) took place on the holy day
of Vijaya Dashami on October 15, 1918.
b.International Day of Rural Women.
c.Global Handwashing Day.
d. World White Cane Day–The day is meant for guiding the blind.
e.Clashes solvation day.
f.Akbar the Great,(B:October 15,1542; D:October 27,1605) was the
16.—a.World Food Day.(UN and FAO)
b.Birthday of Hema Malini(1948),Bollywood actress,named as ”Dream Girl”
c.Saif Ali Khan (Bollywood actor and son of Nawab of Pataudi and Sharmila Tagore),
married Karina Kapur, Bollywood actress.(2012)
d.State of Tripura merged with India (1949)
e.World Anaesthesiologists Day.
f.Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills 40,000 people at South of Kolkata (West Bengal)
g.(1905) Partition of Bengal in 1905 by Viceroy Curzon.In 1912,the two parts
of Bengal were reunited.
h.(1793)Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI was guillotined at the height of
17.—a.World Trauma Day.According to WHO, trauma is a major cause of death and
disability across the world.The purpose of observing the day is to create awareness
how to handle emergency situations by providing immediate pre-hospital care and
facilities. It is an opportunity to recognize the ”unsung heroes” of our emergency
services who selflessly are on call 24/7 hours a day to respond to our emergencies
and to create an awareness of the amazing job they do every day.
b.International Day for the Eradication of Poverty(U.N)
c.Tula Sankramana is the day when sun transits to Tula(Libra)rashi.It is the
beginning of the 7th month in Hindu solar calendar. Tula Sankramana is also called
Cauvery Sankramana. It is a festival celebrated in Kodagu distrivt/Coorg with pomp
and gaiety.It is celebrated in the first day of Kodava month of Toleyar. It is
celebrated on 17th of October every year, as birthday of Goddess Cauvery. On this
day people gather at Talakaveri(the place where river Cauvery takes birth), and
wait for the miracle to happen.According to belief,Goddess Cauveri emerges out of
the dry spring on a particular day and at a specific time.This sudden upsurge
of water in the small tank on the day of Kaveri/Tula sankramana is taken as
the appearance of Goddess Cauvery. Talakaveri is located in the Brahmagiri hills
near Bhagamandala in Kodagu district
18.—a.(1931)Thomas Alva Edison’s death anniversary.
b.World Menopause Day. International Menopause Society is launching a new campaign
to create awareness of understanding weight gain at menopause and the implications
it can have on the future health of women in the post-menopausal period.
19.—a.World Pediatric Bone and Joint(PB&J) Day aims to raise awareness of
musculoskeletal disorders around the world.
National clean your virtual desktop day.
20.—a.World Osteoporosis Day, marks the launch of campaign, dedicated to
raising awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis means porous bone, is a disease, in which density and quality of
bone are reduced. Bones become brittle and prone to fracture.
b.International Day of the Air Traffic Controller.The International Federation
of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations(IFATCA) was founded on 1961 and has
137 member associations, representing more than 50,000 air traffic controllers
worldwide.”The International Day of the Air Traffic Controllers” aims at air
traffic control and flight safety.
c.The first World Statistics Day was celebrated on 20th October, 2010 in over
130 countries and areas. The day recognizes the achievements of the global
statistics systems at both national and international level and the role of
better data for better policies. The day was launched by U.N.Statistics Division.
20.-89th Founders’ day of Syndicate Bank.(established on 1925)
National Solidarity Day-It is the date on which China attacked India in 1962.
21.—a.(1981)Death anniversary of Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre(D.R.Bendre),
Kannada poet of Navodaya Period.He wrote under the pen name,”Ambikatanayadatta.”
(Ambika=mother’s name;tanaya=son;datta=dattatreya, name of Bendre)
Praised as ”Varakavi”(gifted poet), he was the recipient of Jnanapith Award.
He was conferred ”Padmashri” by Government of India. He was born on 31, January,1896.
b.(2012)Yash Chopra, Bollywood’s veteran film maker,King of Romance, died of
multi-organ failure at Mumbai. He was 80. He was born on September 27, 1932
at Lahore. ”Dhool Ka Phool”(flower from the dust) was his first film(1959).
Police Martyrs Day in India.
22.—a.International Stuttering Awareness Day(w.e.f.1998) is intended to raise
public awareness about speech disorder of stuttering also known as stammering.
Everyone has the responsibility to be aware and to be sensitive in our
conversations and meetings and to remember that stuttering is not funny.
b.International Caps Lock Day comes but twice a year, launched by software
developer Derek Arnold on October 22, 2000.He coined the holidays to raise
awareness of ”all-caps” typing. Caps Lock is a key on many computer
keyboards. Pressing it, sets an input mode, in which typed letters are
uppercase(in All caps) by default.There is no option for user to decide
themselves whether they want to use the key or to disable it to prevent
accidental activation. Shift-3 shortcut is very handy and will help get things
back to normal.October 22 and June 28 are annually marked as International Caps
23.—a.(1931)Vijaya Bank was established in Mangalore by Attavar Balakrishna
Shetty on Vijaya Dashami Day and hence it was named Vijaya Bank. It was
nationalised on April 15, 1980.
b.(1778)Birthday of Kittur Rani(queen) Chennamma. She was the first woman
to fight against British Governance. She is much venerated in Karnataka as
icon of bravery and women’s pride along with Rani Abbakka, Keladi Chennamma
and Onake Obavva.She was martyred(died in prison) on 21, February, 1829.
24.—a.United Nations Day.In 1947, the United Nations General Assembly
declared 24 October,the anniversary of the charter of the United Nations,
as which ”shall be devoted to making known to the people of the world, the
aims and achievements of the United Nations and to gaining support for” its work.
b.World Development Information Day(UN) was launched in 1973, with the object of
drawing attention of public-openion every year to development problems and the
necessity of strengthening inter national co-operation to solve them.
c.World Polio day was launched in 1980 by the Rotary. In 1988, a global initiative
was launched to eradicate polio, by WHO and its partners. World Polio Day is obseved
to raise public awareness of the ravages of polio and garner support for eradication
d.Madhva Jayanthi-Madhvacharya was born on the auspicious day of Vijaya Dashami(Dussehra)
in 1238CE(AD), at Pajaka, Udupi, Karnataka.He is also known as Ananda Thirtha and Poorna
Prajna. He was the chief proponent of Dwaita school of Hindu Philosophy.
26.—a.Bakrid, or Id-ul-Zuha(Arabic),the Muslim festival of sacrifice
falls on the 10th day of the Muslim month, Dhu al-Hijjah.It falls approximately
70 days after the end of Ramzan month.Bakrid is commemoration of the prophet
Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail in obedience to a command from God.
The date of celebration of festival depends on the visibility of moon and it
varies from country to country. It is also the occasion of the culmination of
the annual Haj pilgrimage in Mecca.
27.—a.World Day for Audiovisual Heritage(UN and UNESCO). The day is observed to
build global awareness of issues on safeguarding audiovisual materials such as
sound recordings and moving images.
28.—a.International Animation Day was launched in 2002 by ASIFA(International
Animated Film Association) to commemorate the first public performance of
Emile Reynaud’s art of animation, Theatre Optique in Paris on October 28,1892.
ASIFA–Hollywood was founded in 1957 and later chartered by UNESCO in 1960.
The goal of ASIFA international is to promote cultural understanding through
the art of animation.
29.—a.Devastating hurricane Sandy, being dubbed as a ”Frankenstorm” hits
U.S.A.’s East coast.At least 50 dead-reports ”Telegraph”
b.Valmiki Jayanthi-The birthday of Adikavi(the first poet)Valmiki–the composer
of Ramayana and contemporary of Rama, the hero of Ramayana–is celebrated on
the Full Moon day of Ashwin month of Hindu calendar.
30.—a)(1883)Death anniversary of Maharshi Swami Dayananda Saraswati who
died in Ajmer, Rajasthan on October 30, 1909. He was the founder of ”Arya Samaj ”,
a Hindu reform movement.(Born on 12, February-1824)
b.(1909)Birthday of Homi Jehangir Bhaba, a multi faceted personality–scientist,
visionary and institution builder.He was an Indian nuclear physicist,
founding director and professor of Physics at the Tata Institute of Fundamental
Research. He is known as chief architect of India’s nuclear programme. He died on
c.International Orthopaedic Nurses’ Day, recognizes the vital role played by
orthopaedic nurses in providing professional, competent care to patients with
musculoskeletal diseases. They offer the speciality of orthopaedic nursing
in a variety of settings including hospitals, clinics, nursing homes,
private homes and physician offices.
31.—a.(1984)Indira Gandhi, the first female Prime Minister of India was
assassinated by her bodyguards in relation for ordering ”Operation Blue Star.”
She was the second female head of Government in the world after Sirimavo
Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka.She remains as the world’s second longest serving
female Prime Minister as of 2012.She served as the Prime Minister of India
for 3 consecutive terms(1966-77) and 4th term(1980-84).The day is observed as
National Integration Day.
b.(1975)Death anniversary of Sachin Dev Burman, music composer for Hindi movies
and a Bengali singer.He was born on 1, October, 1906 in Comilla, now in Bangladesh.
c.(1875)Birthday of sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, known as ”Iron Man of India.”
He was an Indian barrister, statesman, social leader and one of the founding
fathers of Republic of India. He was also called ”Bismarck of I ndia.”
He guided India’s integration into a united independent nation. He died on
d.(1895)Birthday of C.K.Naidu. He has to his credit the honor of being the first
ever captain of the Indian Test Cricket Team. He was the first cricket player of
India who was bestowed with the Padma Bhushan award.
e.Halloween Day in U.S.A. The pumpkin Jack o-lantern has been an essential part of
Halloween celebration since the Victorian days(1837-1901) and today is a universal
symbol of Halloween.
Earlier, October 31 was celebrated as the Pagan holiday of Samhain, which means
official end of summer and the harvest season. The ancient Celts believed that at
Samhain, the difference between the worlds of living and the dead was extremely thin,
allowing the dead to cross over into the world of living. So the spirits of the dead
sometimes appeared in the forms of apparitions and animals, black cats in particular.
Hence the living people lit bonfires and dressed in various costumes to confuse the
spirits to prevent them from re-entering the world.
7,00,000 immigrants came to America in the 1800’s during the Irish Potato Famine,
bringing with them the traditions of Halloween and the use of Jack O Lanterns.
Traditionally, the lantern was carved from a turnip, potato or beet and lit with a
burning lump of coal or a candle. These lanterns represented the souls of the
departed loved ones and were placed in windows or set on porches to welcome the
deceased. They also served as protection against the malevolent spirits or goblins
freed from the dead. Turnips and gourds were not as readily available in the Americas,
so the pumpkin was used and found to be quite an adequate replacement.
Samhaino phobia means irrational fear of Halloween.
f.World Thrift Day(UN) is observed since 1924. It is a day ”devoted to the promotion
of savings all over the world.”