After Julius Ceasar’s grandnephew Augustus Ceasar
defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra and became
emperor of Rome, the Roman Senate decided that
Augustus too should have a month named after him.
The month Sextilis(meaning sixth in Latin) was chosen
for Augustus. Since Julius’s month had 31 days, Augustus’s
month also should equal it. But, under the Julian calendar,
the months alternated evenly between 30 and 31 days with
the exception of February which originally had 29 days.(30
in a leap year). The extra one day was taken from February
(thus reducing it to 28 days)and added to the month of August,
to make it 31 so that Julius’s month and Augustus’s month
have equal number of days.
Peridot is the birthstone of August.It’s birth flower is gladious
or poppy, meaning beauty, strength of character, love, marriage
and family.The Zodaic signs in August are Leo and Virgo.
Some important events of August are:
First week of August is the World Breast Feeding Week.
August is the National Psoriasis Awareness Month.
In U.S., National Back To School Month.
Panini month. In U.S. ,U.K. and Canada, the term ”Panini”
refers to a pressed and toasted sandwich.During the whole
month of August people enjoy sharing of Panini sandwiches
among friends and family.
Bon festival in Japan is a Buddhist traditional custom which
involves family re-union, celebrated in the month of August.
Philippines celebrate the ”National Heroes Day” on 4th Monday
of August every year, in commemoration of the ”First Cry of
the Philippines revolution” against the Spain on August
Other important events are:
1st:a)Birthday of Meena Kumari,(1932)-Indian movie actress
and poetess; cited by the media and literary sources as the
”Tragedy Queen” because of her portrayal of sorrowful and
dramatic roles in her films and her real life story.
b)Birthday of Kamala Kaul(1899), freedom fighter, mother of Indira
Gandhi and wife of Jawaharlal Neharu,the first Prime Minister
5th:Death anniversary of Marilyn Monroe, (1962)- American
actress, model and singer.(Born-June 1st, 1926)
Birthday of Neil Armstrong(1930), the American astronaut,
the first human to set his foot on the moon.(Died on August 25th, 2012)
16th:Death anniversary of Elvis Presley(1977), musician.
26th:Birthday of Mother Teresa,(1910)-an Albanian born,
Indian Roman Catholic nun, the ”Saint of Gutters” and a Nobel
Prize winner for her global missionaries of charity.Although
cheery in public, she lived in a state of deep spiritual pain
during her last days.(Death-September 5, 1997)
29th: Birthday of Michael Jackson(1958), U.S. Pop singer
30th:Birthday of Cameron Diaz(1972)-actress.
31st:Death anniversary of Lady Diana, Princess of Wales.(1997)
3rd: International Friendship day.
9th:Quit India Day(1942); Nagasaki Day(1945)
11th:Son’s and Daughter’s Day.
13th-Organ donation day.
26th:A.K.Hangal, veteran Bollywood’s favourite character
actor dies at 95.(2012).
29th: Birthday of Indian hockey legend, Dhyanchand is
celebrated as National Sports Day in India.
Tulasidasa jayanti is observed on Shravana shukla saptami
according to Hindu calendar.