Important Events Of October 2nd.

1)”To say that a single human being, because

of his birth, becomes an untouchable, is to

deny God.”

2)”Non-co-operation is directed not against

men but against measures. It is not directed

against governors but against the system

they administer. The roots of non-co-operation

lies  not in hatred but in justice”.

3)”No culture can live, if it attempts to be

exclusive.”

4)”If I refuse to be your slave, you cannot

be my master.”

5)”The sacrifice which causes sorrow to the

doer of the sacrifice, is  no sacrifice. Real

sacrifice lightens the mind of the doer and

gives him a sense of peace and joy.”

6)The greatness of a nation  can be judged

by the way its animals are treated.”

7)”There is no religion apart from that, which

enables us to get rid ourselves of the brute nature.”

8)”Live as if you were to die tomorrow.

Learn as if you were to live for ever.”

9)”Strength does not come from physical capacity.

It  comes from indomitable will.”

10)”It is very difficult to confess one’s error.

But, then without it, there is no other way

of eradicating  impurity.”–Gandhiji.

Gandhiji was very shy and introverted.

He would not even hurt a fly but then he

toppled the mighty British Empire. That

was no easy task.

Bapu(Gandhiji) inspired people to be like

3 monkeys that see no evil, hear no evil

and speak no evil. By shunning anything

that is evil, we are bound to make the

world a better place to live.

He dressed with white loin-cloth and

held a bamboo staff. Winston Churchil

called him half-naked Pakir. Birthplace

of Gandhiji, ”Porbandar”(in Gujarat) was

known as ”Sudamapuri” as it celebrated the great

frienship between  Lord Krishna and Sudama.

It is the only place where a temple has been

dedicated to Sudama.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhiji was born

on October 2, 1869. His father Kaba Gandhi

married four times in succession, having lost

his wife each time by death. He had 2 daughters

by his first and second marriages. His last wife

Putlibai bore him a daughter and 3 sons, Gandhiji

being the youngest. He studied law in U.K. and

practised in South Africa. He left his profession

and returned to India to lead the freedom struggle.

He was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on January

30th, 1948 at Teen Murti area of New Delhi.

Birthday of Gandhiji is observed as ”International

Day of Non-Violence” w.e.f.2007,  according to

the resolution of United Nations General Assembly.

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Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister

of the Republic of India was born on October 2nd,

1904 at Mughalsarai.His slogan:”Jai Jawan(wish you

success,Oh, Soldier!), Jai Kisan”(wish you success,

Oh, Farmer!).

He became Prime Minister on June 9, 1964.

Indian army inflicted a crushing defeat to Pakistan

in 1965 and washed out  the blot of the failure in 1962

war. He died supposedly of heart attack on 11th January,

1966 the very next day, after the Tashkent Pact was signed

by Pakistani President Ayub Khan and Shastri on 10th

January, 1966.He is the only Indian Prime Minister to

have died  in office overseas. He was instrumental in

promoting Green Revolution  and White Revolution in

India. The National Dairy Development Board was formed

in 1965 during his tenure as Prime Minister.

—————————————————————

India’s first  public sector company in shipping,

”Shipping Corporation of India(S.C.I.)” was founded

on October 2, 1961.

——————————————————————————-

Death anniversary of Raja Ravivarma, one of

the greatest painters in the history of Indian art.

He was born on April 29, 1848 at Kilimanoor, in

the princely state of Travancore. His mother Umabai

was an artist, a scholar in Sanskrit and also practiced

medicine. He depicted sari clad charming Indian women

in his paintings, which made the sari to be named

as the national apparel of Indian women. He achieved

recognition for his depiction of scenes from the

epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana. While other

artists depicted persons, Ravi Varma was capable

of portraying personalities of the individuals. His paintings

reflect divinity  and are considered among the best examples

of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques

of  European academic art. He died on 2nd October, 1906,

at the age of 58.

———————————————————————————

Birthday of Asha Parekh(1942), the Bollywood actress,

dancer and winner of Dadasaheb Phalke Award,2011.

—————————————————————————–

The first Regional Rural Bank of India was established

on 2nd October, 1975, with its Head Office at Moradabad

district of Uttar Pradesh, in terms of ordinance issued by

the Government of India in 1975. It was sponsored by

Syndicate Bank.

Source:Collection.

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