1)Death anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore (1941 ),
a Bengali polymath, who re-shaped Bengali literature and music.
Author of Gitanjali (Song Offerings ), he was the first non-European
Nobel laureate.He was a poet, playwright, philosopher, composer
and artist.He was the youngest of 15 children of Maharishi Debendranath
Tagore, a leader of a new religious sect Brahmo Samaj and a scholar.
He was born on 7, May 1861 into a Pirali Brahmin family, in the mansion
named ”Jorasanko” at Calcutta (now Kolkata), in Bengal Province during
British Raj. He was mostly raised by servants, as his mother died in his
early childhood. He penned national anthems of India (Jana Gana Mana )
and Bangladesh (Amar Sonar Bangla ).He was knighted by the British
Crown in 1915 but he renounced the honour after 1919 Jallianwala
Bagh Massacre. His best known works are: The Crescent Moon,
Gitanjali, Stray Birds, Thought Relics and The Home And the
World. He founded Vishwa Bharathi University in Calcutta (1921).
Between 1878 and 1932, he visited more than 30 countries
on 5 continents and interacted with many notables – H.G. Wells,
W.B.Yeats, Robert Frost, George Bernard Shaw and Albert Einstein.
On May 1926, he reached Naples, Italy and met Mussolini in Rome,
the next day.He started a school at Shantiniketan, where he tried his
Upanishadic ideals of education.He lectured against untouchability
and India’s abnormal caste consciousness.He compaigned successfully
to open Guruvayoor Temple to Dalits(people of lower caste).His body
of literature is deeply sympathetic for the poor and upholds universal
humanistic values. His last 4 years (1937-1941) were marked by
chronic pain and illness. He suffered from coma. The poetry
written during these twilight years are unique for their
obsession with death. These more profound and mystical
experimentations branded him as a modern poet.Some
of his popular quotes are:-
1)By plucking her petals, you do not gather the beauty of the flower.
2)Age considers; youth ventures.
3)A mind all logic is like all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it.
4)Bigotry tries to keep truth safe in its hand with a grip that kills it.
5)Facts are many but truth is one.
2)First Sunday of August, (7, August 2011) is celebrated as
Friendship Day. Here are some quotes for Friendship Day:
”Depth of friendship does not depend on its length.”
”Friendship is a relationship made by choice”.
”Although we live apart, it is nice to think that we live together in our hearts.”
”True in counsel, trusted in peril.”
”Don’t walk in front of me, I may not follow;
Don’t walk behind me; I may not lead;
Walk beside me and just be my friend.”
3)Birthday of Om Prakash Jindal (1930), Chairman of Jindal
Organization, politician and philanthropist. He began life as a
village boy in Hisar, Haryana State and went on to build a
multibillion dollar industrial empire. He created thousands of
jobs in backward areas, built schools and hospitals and was
deeply admired for his philanthropy. His closeness and
affinity with his workers is another aspect of his personality.
He cared genuinely their wellbeing ensuing that the company
provided housing, health-care and education facilities for the
workers and their families. He brought in new technologies
into the iron and steel sector. He entered politics and was
the Minister of Power in Haryana at the time of his tragic
death in helicopter crash on 31, March 2005. From trading
pipes to a single factory in Calcutta, to a Rs.17,500 crore
multi-unit, pan-India presence, to a successful foray in politics,
Shri O.P.Jindal accomplished it all in a single lifetime.
4)Death anniversary of Gulshan Kumar Bawra(2009), a legendary
and highest paid Bollywood lyricist of his time. Gulshan Kumar Mehta
was his original name but due to his gestures and fetish of wearing
colourful shirts,he was named Bawra(madman) by film distributor
Shanthilal Patel.The industry later referred to him as ”Gulshan Bawra.”
He was selective and had penned only 250 songs in a career spanning
49 years. Hailing from Lahore in Pakistan (born on 12th April, 1937),
he moved to India after the Partition. His family was a victim to the
partition riots, where young Gulshan saw his parents being killed
in front of his eyes. He was brought up by his elder sister in Jaipur.
He graduated from Delhi University. He gave many memorable songs,
one such second to National anthem, ” Mere Desh Ki Dharti”(The land
of my country ejects crops of gold, diamond and pearls).He bagged two
Filmfare Awards for this song. He was childless and expressed his desire
to donate his body to Government J.J.Hospital in Mumbai.
5)An armed conflict broke out on 7, August 2008 between Georgia
on one side and Russia and seperatist governments of South Ossetia
and Abkhazia on the other. The 5 days war ended on 12 August 2008.
But the impact and consequences were dramatic and devastating. The
war resulted in deaths of more than 2000 civilians and 15 Russian
Peacekeepers. The result of the war was victory of Russia, South Ossetia and
Abkhazia and recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent
republics by Nicaragua & the Russian Federation.