Important Events Of August 7th.

1)Death anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore (1941 ),

a Bengali polymath, who re-shaped  Bengali literature and music.

Author of Gitanjali (Song Offerings ), he was the first non-European

Nobel  laureate.He was a poet, playwright, philosopher, composer

and artist.He was the youngest of 15 children  of Maharishi Debendranath

Tagore, a leader of a new religious sect Brahmo Samaj and a scholar.

He was born on 7, May 1861 into a  Pirali Brahmin family, in the mansion

named  ”Jorasanko” at Calcutta (now Kolkata), in Bengal Province during

British Raj. He was mostly raised by servants, as his mother died in his

early childhood. He penned  national anthems of India (Jana Gana Mana )

and Bangladesh (Amar Sonar Bangla ).He was knighted by the British

Crown in 1915 but he renounced the honour after 1919  Jallianwala

Bagh Massacre. His best known works are: The Crescent Moon,

Gitanjali, Stray Birds, Thought Relics and The Home And the

World. He founded Vishwa Bharathi University in  Calcutta (1921).

Between 1878 and 1932, he visited  more than 30 countries

on 5 continents and interacted  with many notables – H.G. Wells,

W.B.Yeats, Robert Frost, George Bernard Shaw and Albert Einstein.

On May 1926, he reached Naples, Italy and met Mussolini in Rome,

the next day.He started a school at Shantiniketan, where he tried his

Upanishadic  ideals of education.He lectured against untouchability

and India’s abnormal caste consciousness.He compaigned successfully

to open Guruvayoor Temple to Dalits(people of lower caste).His body

of literature is deeply sympathetic for the poor  and upholds universal

humanistic values. His last 4 years (1937-1941) were marked by

chronic pain  and illness. He suffered from coma.  The poetry

written during  these twilight years  are unique for their

obsession with death. These more profound and mystical

experimentations branded him as a  modern poet.Some

of his popular quotes are:-

1)By plucking her petals, you do not gather the beauty of the flower.

2)Age considers; youth ventures.

3)A mind all logic is like all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it.

4)Bigotry tries to keep truth safe in its hand with a grip that kills it.

5)Facts are many but truth is one.

2)First Sunday of August, (7, August 2011)  is celebrated as

Friendship Day. Here are some quotes for Friendship Day:

”Depth of friendship  does not depend  on its length.”

-Rabindranath Tagore.

”Friendship is a relationship made by choice”.

”Although we live apart, it is nice to think that we live together in our hearts.”

”True in counsel, trusted in peril.”

”Don’t walk in front of me, I may not follow;

Don’t walk behind me; I may not lead;

Walk beside me and just be my friend.”

3)Birthday of Om Prakash Jindal (1930), Chairman of Jindal

Organization, politician and philanthropist. He began life as a

village boy in Hisar, Haryana State and went on to build a

multibillion dollar industrial empire. He created thousands of

jobs in backward areas, built schools and hospitals and was

deeply admired  for his philanthropy. His closeness and

affinity with his workers is another aspect of his personality.

He cared genuinely their wellbeing ensuing that  the company

provided housing, health-care and education facilities for the

workers and their families. He brought in new technologies

into the iron and steel sector. He entered politics and was

the Minister of Power in Haryana at the time of his tragic

death in helicopter crash on 31, March 2005. From trading

pipes to a single factory in Calcutta, to a Rs.17,500 crore

multi-unit, pan-India presence, to a successful foray in politics,

Shri O.P.Jindal accomplished it all in a single lifetime.

4)Death anniversary of Gulshan Kumar Bawra(2009), a legendary

and highest paid Bollywood lyricist of his time. Gulshan Kumar Mehta

was his original name but due to his gestures and  fetish of wearing

colourful shirts,he was  named Bawra(madman) by film distributor

Shanthilal Patel.The industry later referred to him as ”Gulshan Bawra.”

He was selective and had penned  only 250 songs in a career spanning

49 years. Hailing from Lahore in Pakistan (born on 12th April, 1937),

he moved to India after the Partition. His family was a victim to the

partition riots, where young  Gulshan saw his parents being killed

in front of his eyes. He was brought up by his elder sister in Jaipur.

He graduated from Delhi University. He gave many memorable songs,

one such second to National anthem, ”  Mere Desh Ki Dharti”(The land

of my country ejects crops of gold, diamond and pearls).He bagged two

Filmfare Awards  for this song. He was childless and expressed his desire

to donate his body to Government J.J.Hospital in Mumbai.

5)An armed conflict broke out on 7, August 2008 between Georgia

on one side and Russia and seperatist governments of  South Ossetia

and Abkhazia on the other.  The 5 days war ended on 12 August 2008.

But the impact and consequences were dramatic and devastating. The

war resulted in deaths of  more than 2000 civilians and 15 Russian

Peacekeepers. The result of the war was victory of Russia, South Ossetia and

Abkhazia and recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent

republics by  Nicaragua & the Russian Federation.



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