1)Sir Dorab Tata founded New India Assurance on 23rd July, 1919;
pioneer, in insuring the first domestic airlines in 1946 and satellite
insurance in 1990.
2)The Ford Motor Company sold its first auto on 1903, a model A, that
Henry Ford, the American car manufacturer, himself designed.
3)Death anniversary of Mehmood Ali, an Indian actor well known
for his comic roles in Hindi films.(b:29th September, 1932; d:23rd
July,2004) He died in sleep. Mehmood had acted in over 300 films;
King of Laughs,who lit up innumerable Hindi films of the 60’s with
his unique brand of buffonery; an icon of comedy and Uncoroneted
Emperor of Bollywood comic world, died in Pennsylvaniya, America,
at the age of 72.
4)Birthday of Chandrashekhar Azad (1906),freedom fighter.He was
born to an impoverished Brahmin family in Bhabra district, Madhya
Pradesh. He sacrificed his life for the nation on February 27th, 1931.
5)Birthday of Lokamanya Bala Gangadhar Tilak (1856), an Indian
nationalist,teacher,social reformer and freedom fighter. He was a
multifaceted personality. He was called ”Father of National Movement”.
He was a strongest advocate of ”Swaraj”.His famous quote was”Swaraj is
my birthright and I shall have it.” He was born in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.
He was a Chitpavan Brahmin by caste.He issued a call for the banning of
child marriage and welcomed widow re-marriage.Through the celebration
of Ganapathi festival and the birthday of Shivaji, he organised people.
He died on August 1st, 1920.
6) Amy Winehouse, (14-9-1983 to 23-7-2011),the soulful
British singer-song writer, who won 5 Grammys in 2008,
at the age of 24, died(2011).She was talented but troubled
.She is considered one of the most important musicians
on the pop scene this millennium, introducing a Jazzy
retro-soul sound to the genre.
7)On July 23, 1927, British Viceroy Lord Irwin inaugurated the
first station of the private ”Indian Broadcasting Company”,
(which was granted permission to operate radio station,
by an agreement of 1926 with the government) in Radio
Club at Apollo bunder of Mumbai.With this, the official
service of radio broadcasting began in India.However I.B.C.
(Indian Broadcasting Company) went into liquidation 0n
March 1, 1930. Government took over the broadcasting
facilities and started Indian State Broadcasting Service (I.S.B.S.)
on April 1, 1930. On June 8, 1936, the I.S.B.S. was renamed as
All India Radio. In 1957, the name of Akashvani (voice from the sky)
was chosen as the official name of A.I.R.(All India Radio), the radio
broadcaster of the Government of India. Dr.M.V.Gopalaswamy,
a professor of psychology in Mysore University, gave this name to
the first radio broadcasting station, established in the princely
state of Mysore in September, 1935.
8) Morocco’s King Hassan 2nd died (1999) at the age of 70.
He was born on July 9th, 1929. He served as a back channel
between the Arab world and Israel, facilitating early negotiations
between them.This was made possible due to the presence in
Israel of a large Moroccan Jewish community.
9)William Austin Burt (June 13, 1792-August 18, 1858) of
Mount Vermon received patent, (signed personally by
President Andrew Jackson, on July 23, 1829 )
on the typographer, a forerunner of typewriter,
invented by him in America.
He is referred to as the ”Father of the typewriter”.
He was an American inventor, legislator, a Michigan surveyor
and milowright. He also invented solar compass and the
equatorial sextant, a precision navigation aid, to determine
with one observation the location of a ship at sea.