1)Birthday of Edmund Hillary (1919),a mountaineer,explorer
and philanthropist. He was a New Zealander and along with
Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay (Nepalese Guide ) reached
the summit of Mount Everest on May 29, 1953.They were part of
the 9th British Expedition to Everest, led by John Hunt.Hillary
and Tenzing became the first climbers, known to have reached
the summit of Mount Everest.Edmund Hillary died of heart failure
on 11th of January, 2008 at Auckland City Hospital.
2)Death anniversary of Lady Linda, popularly called
as Meera Behan ( b:Nov 22, 1892—d:July 20, 1982),
a close associate of Gandhiji. She was a British woman
who left her home to live and work with Gandhiji, the
leader of the Indian independent movement. She
devoted her life to the human development, the
advancement of Gandhiji’s principles and the
freeddom struggle in India. Gandhiji gave her
the name, ”Mirabehn”, after Meera Bai, the great
devotee of Lord Krishna. She was awarded India’s
second highest civilian honour, ”Padma Vibhushan”
3)Birthday of Naseeruddin Shah (1950), Indian actor and director.
He is considered to be the finest actor of Indian cinema. In 2003,
Government of India honoured him with the ”Padma Bhushana”,
for his contributions towards Indian cinema. He starred in
international project such as ”Monsoon Wedding” in 2001
and a Hollywood comic book adaptation ”The League of
Extraordinary Gentlemen” in 2003 (co-starring Sean
Connery), where he played the role of Captain Nemo.
4)—do—–of Rajendra Kumar (1929),Indian actor, producer
and director. The 1960’s saw him rise like no other stars had been.
He was considered golden boy and Jubilee Kumar.
He died of cancer on 12th July, 1999, 8 days before his
5)Apollo-11 was the first spaceflight that landed the first
humans on Earth’s Moon on July 20, 1969. The mission
carried out by the United States is considered a major
accomplishment in the history of space exploitation.
Apollo-11, was launched from Kennedy Space Center
at Cape Carnaveral, Florida on July 16, 1969. It was the
5th manned mission and the third lunar mission of
NASA’s Apollo programme and was crewed by
1) Commander- Neil Armstrong,2) Command
Module Pilot- Michael Collins and 3) Lunar module
Pilot-Edwin ”buzz” Aldrin Jr. Apollo-11 entered the
lunar arbit on July 19 and on July 20th, ”Eagle”,
the lunar module, seperated from the command
module and began to descend towards the surface
of the moon; Armstrong and Aldrin landed in the
area called ”Sea of Tranquility” and on July 21
became the first humans to walk on the moon, while
Collins orbited above in the command ship,”Columbia.”
As has been rightly said,”That’s one small step for man,
one giant leap for mankind.”
The astronauts returned to planet Earth with lunar rocks on July 24.
6)Maharajah of Baroda, Sir Sayajirao Gaekwad 3rd, founded
the Bank of Baroda on July 20, 1908 in the princely state of
Baroda in Gujarat. The Bank with 13 other major Commercial
Banks of India was nationalised on 19th July, 1969 by Government of India.