1)In November 2009,United Nation’s General Assembly
declared 18 July as Nelson Mandela International Day.
In 1993, Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Nelson
Mandela & Frederik Wilhelm de Klerk for their work for the
peaceful terminaion of the apartheid regime and for laying
foundation for a new democratic South Africa. Nelson was born
on 1918 in Mvezo a small village located in the district of Umtata.
He belongs to cadet branch of Thembu dynasty.His
original name was Rolihlahla mandela (Nelson was
added later). He served 27 years in prison and released on
February 11, 1990. He served as President of South Africa
from 1994 to 1999.He was an anti-apartheid activist.
2)Birthday of Priyanka Chopra (1982), an Indian actress
and former Miss World.
3)Anniversary of the first successful flight of satellite-
” Rohini ”(1980) through the S.L.V.-3 (Satellite Launch
Vehicle) from Thumba station at Sri Harikota in Andhra
4)Death of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, the Italian
Renaissance painter on July 18th, 1610. He is called Caravaggio
after the small town in Lombardy where he was was born on
29th September, 1571.He is best known as the brawling Italian
painter, who did ”The Calling of Saint Mathew.” His paintings
include –”Boy With a Basket of Fruits” (1593) ;”Beheading of
Saint John, The Baptist” (1608); ”Martyrdom of Saint Ursula” (1610).
His paintings which combine a realistic observation of the human state,
both physical and emotional with a dramatic use of lighting, had a
formative influence on the Baroque school of painting.
5)Death of Francesco Petrarch (1374), the Italian poet. He was
born on 20th July 1304 in Arrezo, Italy. He is often called
”Father of Humanism.” The first depiction of nature in
European literature appears in his work,”Epistulae.”
He is also known for being the first to develop the
concept of the ”Dark Ages.” ”The Song Book”, composed
by him contain 366 poems, mostly sonnets to and about
the love of his life, which he could never have”Laura.”
6)World Listening Day is the birthday of Canadian
composer R.Murray Schafer, who established the
” World Soundscape Project”, which provided the basis
for Acoustic Ecology.