Important Events Of July 29th.

1)Charles, Prince of Wales, marries  Lady Diana  at St. Pauls

Cathedral in London, England on July 29, 1981.

2)Maharani Gayatri Devi, Rajmata (Queen Mother) of

Jaipur,died (2009) of lung infection at the age of 90.

She was born  in London on 23rd May, 1919. She was

brought up as a thoroughly anglicised Indian princess

with strong ideas of her own.She was the first princess

of Republic  of India to contest for Parliament and won

the seat by  the  largest landslide ever recorded. She was

the  third wife of late ruler, Maharaja Sawai Man Singh.

She was a successful politician  and counted among the

10 most beautiful women of the world as reported by

”Vogue Magazine”.A fine horsewoman  in her own right,

she remained a keen follower of polo and enjoyed breeding

race horses.

3)Birthday of Sanjay Dutt (1959), Bollywood actor and politician.

He is the son of Hindi film actors Sunil  and Nargis Dutt.

4)Birthday of Thyagaraja Paramashiva Kailasam (1884–1946),

a playwright and  prominent writer. His contributions to Kannada

theatrical  comedy, earned him the title  ”The Father of  Humorous Plays”

He was born in a Tamil family in southern Karnataka.His father Paramasiva

Iyer was an eminent Justice. He was sponsored by Maharaja of Mysore to

move on to London for higher studies in geology. On his return to Karnataka,

he worked to improve the literary scene there. He was initially criticised  for

modern use of the Kannada language in his plays but his work became popular

& are considered among the best in Kannada theatrical plays, legendary for

their wit and satirical commentary on social issues.He shied away from

overloading his plays with music. He  avoided  mythology or royal stories

as themes in his plays and introduced   simple and realistic sets.Some of

his plays written  in English are-”The Brahmin’s Curse”, ”Purpose” and

”Fulfilment”.His application of humour  to his plays,left an everlasting

influence on Kannadigas.His famous quote is,”Is not the home, the real

school of the children?”

5)Death anniversary of Vincent  Van  Gogh (1890),Dutch post-impressionist

painter.For him, color was the chief symbol of expression.He was born in

Holland on 30th of March, 1853. He was highly emotional and  lived an

awkward life. He moved from place to place and had trouble throughout

his life. He produced all of his works (some 900 paintings & 1100 drawings

and sketches )  during a period of only 10 years before he succumbed to

mental illness and committed suicide. He was a pioneer of ”expressionism”.

He was a prolific artist who put a great deal of emotions into his paintings.

His work include self portraits, landscapes, sunflowers,wheatfields and

paintings of Cypresses.

6)Birthday of Jahangir Ratanji Dada bhoy Tata (1904), a pioneer aviator &

business magnet of India. He was born in Paris, France, the second child

of Parsi father Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata and his  French wife Suzanne. He

obtained the first  pilot licence issued in India. He founded  India’s  first

commercial airline, ”Tata Airlines” in 1932, which in 1946 became, ”Air

India”, now India’s national airline. He was elected  as Chairman of ”Tata & Sons”,

making him the head of the largest industrial group, with major interests  in steel,

engineering, power, chemicals &  hospitality. He founded ”Tata Motors” in 1945,

launched ”Air India  International” in 1948, as India’s  first  international airline,

founded  ”Tata Consultancy Services” in 1968 and  ”Titan Industries” in 1987.

He  maintained high ethical  standard,  refusing to bribe politicians or use

blackmarket.He was awarded  India’s  highest civilian award the ”Bharat

Ratna” in 1992 and  the ”Legion of Honour” from the French government

in 1954. He was also bestowed with the title of ”Honorary Air Commodore

of India”, ”Padma Vibhushan”, and United Nations ”Population Award”.

He died on 29th november 1993 at the age of  89 in Geneva, Switzerland.

7)Feast day of St. Olaf (1030), martyr, ”eternal king” and patron saint

of Norway. Olaf 2nd  was the king of Norway from 1015 to 1028. He

attempted without success to convert the  pagan Viking populance,

the effort ending with his expulsion from the country. After two years

exile, he returned to Norway with an army. He met  his rebellious subjects

at Stiklestad, where the celebrated  battle took place on July 29, 1030.

He was mortally wounded and  died. The irony was that, king  Olaf 2nd,

who unsuccessfully  fought for the christianisation of  Norway, was

recognised as patron saint of Norway only after his death.He should

not be confused with his predecessor king Olaf first (Olaf Tryggvason)

of Norway. Saint Olaf  is symbolised by the axe in Norway’s coat of arms.

The Norwegian ”Order of  the Knighthood  of  St. Alav” (founded in 1847)

is named after Saint Olaf who was born on 995 AD and  was canonized in 1164.

8)System Administrator Appreciation Day is celebrated on last Friday of July

every year. The first such day was celebrated on July 28, 2000. The day shows

appreciation for the work of system administrator and other I.T. workers.

A system administrator or Sysadmin,  is a person employed to maintain

& operate a computer system and/or network. He is a professional, who

plans,  worries, hacks,  fixes, pushes, advocates, protects and creates

good computer  networks, to get your data, to  help you do work– to

bring the potential of computing ever closer to reality.System

administrators may be members of  an information technology (I.T.)

or Electronics and Communication Engineering department.

A Sysadmin  takes  backups to guard against disaster both human

and otherwise and  holds the gates against security threats and crackers.

Sysadmin Day /S.A.D./ was created by  a system administrator,

Ted Kekatos. The day has been recognized and promoted by two

professional organisations- the League of Professional System

Administrators and SAGE/USENIX.

9)Birthday of Badridas Goenka (1883), industrialist. He was born

in a traditional  Marwari (money lenders or financiers in Hindi language)

family. He was the first Marwari to graduate  from the University of

Presidency College in Calcutta. He was the first Indian Chairman of

Imperial Bank of India (1933) now known as State Bank of  India.

He was the Founder  Director of the committee set up  on 1933 to

draft the constitution of the Reserve Bank of India The British

conferred  Knighthood on Sir Badridas Goenka for his  outstanding

contributions to  Indian business and community services. In 1945,

he was elected President of the Federation of Indian Chambers of

Commerce & Industry (FICCI).

Source:Collection.

Important Events Of July 28th.

1) Death anniversary of Charu Majumdar (1972), the organiser

of Naxalbari movement, (which started in Naxalbari, a small village

in Darjeeling district of West Bengal) and founder of  Communist

Party of India (marxist). He was born in 1918 at  Siliguri, West Bengal.

When the state government ruthlessly suppressed the  Naxalbari

movement, (the  uprising of the militant peasants of Naxalbari), whose

backbone was broken,  he went  into hiding.He was captured from

the hide-out and  imprisoned. He died in  the custody at the Alipore

central jail, Kolkata.

2)Birthday of Ayesha Jhulka (1975),Bollywood actress.

3)World Hepatitis Day has been  led  by World Hepatitis

Alliance since 2007 and on  May 2010, it got global

endorsement from the World Health Organisation.

The celebration of the day is to raise  awareness about

hepatitis B and C, two forms of life threatening liver

disease, to encourage prevention , diagnosis and treatment.

The day also recognizes the birthday of Nobel Laureate Prof.

Blumberg, the discoverer of the Hepatitis B virus.

4)Death anniversary of Saint Alphonso (1946), a Kerala nun Sister,

who at the age of seven had dedicated herself to serving Jesus Christ,

calling him, ”my divine spouse”. She was born on August 19th, 1910

at Kudamaloor in Kottayam district. Anna was her baptismal name.

She lost her mother when she was very young & showed inclination

for religious life, despite suffering from various illnesses. She spent

most of her life in a Clarist convent of Franciscan order. She was a

noble woman, who lived all human virtues in their fullness.

Hundreds of miraculous cures are claimed for her intervention,

many of them involving straightening of clubbed feet, possibly

because of her having lived with deformed feet herself. Two of

these cases were  submitted to the ”Congregation for the Causes

of Saints”, as  proof of her miraculous intervention. The continuing

cures are chronicled in the magazine, ”Passion Flower”.   She was a

moving temple and people would find the face of Jesus in her.Really

her life was  a holocaust of love. She was unknown to the public until

her death. She is the first Indian  woman to be elevated  to  sainthood.

She was beatified by Pope John Paul 2nd in 1986 and  canonized as a

saint by Pope Benedict 16th,  on 12th  October,2008 at a ceremony at

Saint Peter’s Square.

5)First World War started on July 28, 1914. The assassination on

28 June, 1914  of Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of

Austria-Hungary, by a Yugoslav nationalist, resulted in declaration

of war against Serbia on July 28, 1914. It was  followed by the German

invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg and  France and a Russian attack

against Germany. The war involved all the world’s great powers which

were assembled  in two opposing alliances-the Allies and the Central

Powers. Some 9 to 10 million combatants are estimated to have died

during  the world  war first, along with an estimated 6.6 million civilians

who died due to famines, epidemic diseases  and genocide.

The war ended when Germany agreed to a  ceasefire

on 11 November, 1918, later known as Armistice day.

6)Birthday of West Indian cricketer, Sir Garfield Sobers.

He is a former cricketer who captained West Indies.

He was born on 1936 in Bridgetown, Barbados. He is widely

regarded as  one of cricket’s greatest ever all-rounders, having

excelled at all essential skills of batting, bowling and fielding. He was

knighted by Queen Elizabeth 2nd in 1975 for  his services  to  cricket.

7)Birthday of Vamana Bendre (1935), son of D.R.Bendre,

a great Kannada poet. He is a novelist and playwright.

He was born in Ranebennur.He penned a thesis on poet

Lakshmisha’s  ”Jaimini Bharatha” under the guidance of

R,S,Mugali. This fetched him a doctorate from Pune

University in 1967. His anthologies  in Kannada include,

”Olave Baduku”, ”Shruthi”, ”Ananta Dhare”,”Modalu Todalu”.

His play-writing skills are expressed in volumes, ”Soni Ganappa

Banda”, ”Sparsha” and 30 radio plays.

8)Birthday of Subhash B.Agarwal (1948), an Indian professional

player and national coach of Indian Railway Billiards & Snooker

Team since 2000 until retirement. He is 3 times national champion

for Billiards & runner up in World Billiards.Government of India

honoured him with Arjuna award (1984).He received ”Shiv Chatrapati ”

award from Maharashtra  state government in 1985. He  retired from

Indian Railways as Deputy Chief Commercial Manager on

superannuation on 31st May 2007.

9) A passenger plane, belonging to the private Airblue service, Karachi

was flying from southern port city of Karachi, when it crashed into

Margala  Hills, north of Islamabad,  the Pakistani capital, while

trying to land in rainy and cloudy conditions, killing all 152

passengers and crew on board. It is the deadliest air accident

to occur in Pakistan  to date.

Source:Collection.

Important Events Of July 27th.

1)Death anniversary of Bob Hope (2003), a legendary

comedian of Hollywood.He was a British born American

comedian and actor.He was born on May 29, 1903 at

Eltham, London, England and died  of Pneumonia at

Los Angeles on July 27, 2003. Throughout his career,

ha was honoured for his humanitarian work. He was

noted for his work with  the U.S.Armed forces and his

numerous U.S.O.shows entertaining American military

personnel.In 1996, U.S.Congress honoured him by

declaring him the ”first and only honorary veteran of

the armed forces”.

2)Death anniversary of Mathighatta (Hassan)

Krishnamurthy (2006), a well-known scholar

on Kannada Janapada (folksong) and writer.

He worked as journalist for newspapers  such

as Kannada Prabha. He was 95.

3)University of Mysore was started on 1916.The engineer-statesman

and Dewan Sir M.Visvesvarayya gave shape to the vision of establishing

a seperate University to cater to the needs of Mysore state as cherished

by His Highness Nalvadi Krishnaraja  Wodeyar, the then ruler of Mysore

who became the first chancellor of the University.The Mysore University

Library offers a collection of over 8 lakh books, 2400 journal titles and

1 lakh volumes of journals.The University has developed excellent

infrastructure for curricular & co-curricular activities. The main

campus features an amphitheatre, an auditorium, a swimming

pool & hostels for men and women with modern amenities.

4)World’s worst earthquake during 20th century, hits

Tangshan in China on July 27th,1976. The epicentre was

on the  northeast coast of China with rumblings felt as far

as 470 miles away. The magnitude  of the quake struck was

7.8 on Richter scale  and the death toll was between 2,55,000

and  6,55,000 and nearly 8,00,000 injuries.

5)Death anniversary of Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (1987),

Indian Ornithologist and  Naturalist known as the ”Birdman

of India”. He was born on November 12, 1896 in Mumbai.

He was the key figure behind the ”Bombay Natural History

Society.” He used his personal influence  to garner government

support for the  organization, create the Bharatpur bird sanctuary

and prevent destruction of what is now the Silent Valley National

Park. He was awarded 1976  Padma Vibhushana, the second highest

civilian  award, by the government of India.

6)Death anniversary of Amjad  Khan (1992 ), the acclaimed Indian

actor & director. He was born in Hyderabad  on 12th November,

1940. He was the son of legendary actor Jayant. He worked

in over 130 films in his film career spanning nearly twenty years.

He enjoyed popularity for his villain roles in Hindi  language  films.

He became  most famous after playing the role of the villain  Gabbar

Singh in Sholay (1975), which topped the British Film Institute’s

poll of ”Top 10 Indian Films” of all times. He died of heart failure

on 27th July 1992 at the age of 52.

7)Death anniversary of Ustad Bande Ali Khan (1895). The Beenkars

(Veena players ) pay homage  to him on Guru Poornima (fullmoon

day named after the ”Guru’ or teacher ) by offering  an incense stick,

flower or at least touch grave. Bande Ali Khan  hailed from North

India. He was born in 1830. He belonged to  the musician  gharana

of Hasan Khan. He was a very popular Been (binker) player  during

his time.Being a court musician in Indore, he also performed most

royal courts of North India. He even gave Rudra veena  lessons to

the son of Maharaja of Gwalior, Shri Balwant Rao Bhaiya.

8)Birthday of Peggy Fleming (1948), American figure skater.

She is the 1968-Olympic Champion in Ladies’ singles and a

three time World Champion (1966-1968). She has been a

television commentator on figure skating  for over 20 years

including several winter Olympic games.

9)Birthday of Bharati Mukherjee  (1940 ),an award winning

Indian-born American novelist and short story writer whose

works reflect the Indian culture and immigrant experience.

She is the winner of ”1988 National Book Critics Circle Award”

for her book named ”Middleman and Other Stories”. She is

currently a professor in the department of English at the

University of California, Berkeley.

10)Birthday of Alexandre Dumas  fils (1824), a French author

and dramatist.He was the son of  Alexandre Dumas Pere (24th

July  1802 to December 5th , 1870) and  Catherine Labay, a dressmaker,

was his mother. Alexandre fils was born in Paris, France.  ”fils” in French

means son  and similar to ”junior” in English. He followed  in  his  father’s

footsteps, and became a celebrated  writer, author and playwright.  He wrote

13 novels and plays-”Denis” & ”Francillon”. In his novel, ”The Illegitimate Son”,

he depicted the tragic fate of unmarried women.His father,

Alexandre Dumas Pere was best known for his stories

and  historical chronicles of  high adventure that captured the

imagination of the French public who eagerly waited to purchase

the continuing sagas.None of the great writers of France  has been

so widely read as Alexandre Dumas Pere. His stories have been

translated into almost a hundred languages and have inspired

more than 200 pictures. His famous novels are-”The Count of

Monte  Cristo”,  ”The Three Musketeers””Twenty Years Later” ,

”The Man in the Iron  Mask”, The Black Tulip”. Most of his

novels were serialized. He also wrote plays, magazine articles

and was a prolific correspondent.His most famous plays are-

”Henry 3rd and His Court”, ”Antony”, & ”The Tower of Nesle”

He was born in Picardy, France. Alexandre Dumas Pere’s son,

Alexandre Dumas fils wrote the most famous novel named,

”The Lady of Camellias”which  was adapted for stage and

16 versions of the novel was performed at  Broadway

Theatre only.The title character of the novel ”Camille”

( in English–speaking world ”The Lady of Camellias”

became known as ”Camille”) is Marguerite, who is

based on Marie Duplessis, the real-life lover of Dumas fils.

He was born in Paris, France.He Died on 27th November, 1895.

11)Odiyoor Mutt Guru, Devananda  Swamiji celebrates his 51st  birthday.

Shri Gurudeva Datta Samsthanam at Odiyoor is a creation of Sri

Gurudevananda Swamiji, an ardent devotee of Pranadeva ( Hanuman

-the master of vital airs ) and worshipper of Lord Dattatreya.Established

in 1989, the Divine Kshetra has been hailed as  Ganagapura of the South.

12)Feast day of Saint Pantaleon. He had been physician to Maximian

who was colleague of Emperor Diocletian. Pantaleon  was the son of

a rich pagan Eustorgius of Nicomedia,near tha Black Sea in Asia.

He was born on 275AD and died on 305AD.He remained life-long

layman and bachelor. Other doctors who were jealous of his

miraculous power  in curing the patients, denounced him to

anti-Chrirstian autorities. They forced him to denounce his

faith but failed .Pantaleon was  martyred during the Diocletianic

Persecution, which was the last and most severe persecution of

Christians in the Roman empire.Diocletian reigned during

284AD to 305AD.

Source:Collection.

Important Events Of July 26th.

1)Birthday of Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961), author of ”The psychology

of the unconcious”, ”The theory of psycho analysis” &”Analytical

psychology”.

He died on June 6,1961.

His quotes:

a)”Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.”

b)”Show me a sane man and I will cure him for you”

c)”Knowing your  darkness is the best method for

dealing with the darkness of other people”.

Carl  Gustav Jung was a Swiss  psychiatrist, whose

life work and writings introduce us to individuation

(means wholeness of Self), psychological types,

archetypes and synchronicity. He  introduced the

concepts of  ”introvert” and ”extrovert”.He can be

considered the ”father” of humanistic and transpersonal

psychology.

2)Birthday of Jugal Hansraj (1972), the  multitalented

Bollywood actor, who  has also worked as  a playback singer .

He  was the director of 2 films,story writer, screen-play writer

and  also dialogue writer. He  even composed the first few lines

of the title track of ”Kuch kuch hota hai”

3)Kargil Vijay Diwas (1999),  marks eviction of Pakistani

intruders from Kargil heights. People pay homage to

Kargil Martyres on this day .

4)Birthday of George Bernard Shah (1856), an Irish–born

British  playwright and winner of 1925 Nobel Prize for

literature He was known for his social idealism. He died

on November 2, 1950. Some of his quotations are:

a)”You see things; and say,”why?” But I  dream things

that never were and I say,”why not?”

b)”Life isn’t about finding  yourself. Life is about

creating yourself.”

5)President of Egypt,  Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalised

the Suez canal  (1956).

6)NASA launched  shuttle Dicovery  on July 26, 2005 from

Kennedy Space Centre  in Florida. Besides delivering supplies,

the shuttle replaced  one of the I.S.S.’s  (International Space Station )

Control Moment Gyroscopes and deployed the MISSE-5 to the

station’s exterior.

7)Elliot Handler died(2011). He was 95.  He founded the Mattel

company  in 1945, together with  his wife Ruth  and his partner

Harold  Matson. The company earned name for its innovative

products–a)  Barbie doll, an American icon and touchstone of cultural

politics   and b)  Hot Wheels, the toy racing car.Elliot  Handler was born

on 4th November, 1916 in Denver,Colorado. His wife  Ruth created the

Barbie doll in 1959, naming it after their daughter Barbara.Later  they

created Ken doll which  paired with Barbie. It was named after their

son  Kenneth who died of brain tumor in 1994. Ruth died in 2002 at

the age of 85.The name Mattel was a combination of the names Matson

and Elliot.

Source: Collection.

Important Events Of July 25th.

1)Phoolen Devi, the bandit-turned-politician, was killed outside

her Ashoka Road residence by Sher Singh Rana (sources reveal)

on 2001.

2)Birthday of Raageshwari (1977), Indian pop singer and actress.

3)–do—of Somnath Chatterjee (1929), ex-Lok Sabha Speaker.

4)On July 25th, 1978, Louise Joy Brown,world’s first successful

”Test-tube” baby was born in Oldham, Greater Manchester,

U.K.(Great Britain).

5)Names of Presidents , who assumed the post on 25th July.

Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (1977), Gyani zail Singh (1982),

R. Venkatraman (1987), Shankar Dayal Sharma (1992),

K.R.Narayanan (1997), A.P.J.Abdul Kalam (2002),

Pratibha Patil (2007). Immediately prior to election

as the 12th and the  first female  President of India,

Pratibha Patil was serving  as  the 24th and the first

female Governor of Rajasthan from November 8,

2004 to 23rd July ,2007.

6) RabriDevi, wife of Lalu Prasad Yadav, became

the chief minister of Bihar on 1997.

7) Manmohan Singh became the Prime Minister of India on 2007.

6)Death of V.K.R.V.Rao (1908 to 1991), an economist of

international eminence.Vijayendra Kasturi Ranga Varadaraja

Rao, was born on July 8,1908 at Kancheepuram in Tamilnadu.

He was the founder director of 3  noted institutions namely,

a)the Delhi School of Economics, Delhi, b)the Institute for

Social and Economic Change, Bangalore and c) Institute of

Economic Growth. In the international sphere, he was one

of the  central forces behind the institutions of the ”United

Nations Development Programme”(U.N.D.P.) and the I.D.A.

(International Development Association) which is  the part of

World Bank that helps the world’s  poorest countries. I.D.A.

was established in 1960.  He was awarded Ph.D. in 1937 from

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. The title of his doctoral

thesis  was, ”The national income of British India-1931-1932”.

He was awarded ”Padma Vibhushana”  in 1974 , by the

Government of India.

7)Svetlana Savitskaya of the Soviet Union became the first

Russian  woman to walk in the space (1984). She spent more

than three and half hours in outer space. Kathryn D. Sullivan

was the first  U.S. woman to walk in space on October 11,1984.

8)Benito Mussolini(29-7-1883 to 28-4-1945) , the  40th Prime

Minister and dictator of Italy for 21 years, was forced from office

in 1943. Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician, who led the

National Fascist Party and is credited with being one of the key

figures in the creation of Fascism.  King Victor Emmanuel

removed him from power and had  him arrested.He was

rescued  by Hitler, who installed him as the head of the

puppet ”Italian Social Republic”.After the Allied invasion

of Sicily in southern Italy, Nazis controlled the northern

Italy. The rumour that the Allies were going to liberate

Northern Italy, convinced Mussolini to flee to Switzerland.

On April 28, 1945 he was caught by the Italian partisans and

executed, ending Fascist domination in Italy.

Source:Collection.

Important Events Of July 24th

1)Birthday of Manoj Kumar (1937), Bollywood actor.

2)——-do—-of Jennifer Lopez (1969), Hollywood actress.

3)——-do—-of Srividya(1953), Kollywood(Tamil film world) actress.

She was a good singer as well. She died of breast cancer on 19th

October, 2006.

4)King  of Mysore,  Krishna Raja Wadeyar 4th, established Mysore

Legislative Council in 1907 (under Regulation 1 of 1907) in the

princely state of Mysore with a view to associate with the

government, certain number of non-official persons having

practical experience and knowledge of local conditions and

requirements to assist government  in making Laws and

Regulations. In addition  to the Dewan, the President and

the members of Council who were ex-officio members, the

Council consisted of not less than 10 and not more than 15

additional members to be nominated by the government.

The first session of the Legislative Council  of Mysore State

was held in July 24th, 1907 in the Pavilion of Jaganmohan

Palace of Mysore.The Legislative Council was called as the

Representative Council  and was presided by Dewan.The

strength of  Legislative Council was increased to 75 by the

Parliament of India on 8th September, 1987.The Legislature

of Karnataka consists of two houses namely a) the Legislative

Assembly or Vidhana Sabha which is the lower house of the

Legislature and b) Legislative Council or the  Vidhana Parishath

which is the upper house of the Legislature.The first sitting of the

New Assembly was held on 19th December 1956 in the newly built

Vidhana Soudha in Bangalore.

5)Global Trust Bank Ltd was placed under an Order of Moratorium

on July 24, 2004, by the Government of India  for three months

upto Sertember 2004, following an advice  from Reserve Bank

of India after the bank failed to come up with a viable proposal

for raising additional  capital. Taking into account  the interests

of the millions of depositors of Global Trust Bank as well as the

bank’s strength and weaknesses, the Reserve Bank  of India

prepared draft scheme of amalgamation of Global Trust Bank

Ltd with  the Oriental Bank of Commerce. Moratorium is the first

step towards corporate amalgamation in the Company’s Act. It  will

mean that the normal operations of the bank–taking deposits and

giving out loans– will be halted till a solution can be found to rejuvenate

the bank. The amalgamation of the Global Trust Bank Ltd  with the

Oriental Bank of Commerce came into force on 14th August, 2004.

With this, the 161  branches of G.T.Bank started functioning as

branches of O.B.C.  The merger enabled O.B.C. to extend its

business into southern India.

Source:Collection.

Important Events Of July 23rd.

1)Sir Dorab Tata founded New  India Assurance  on 23rd July, 1919;

pioneer, in insuring the first domestic airlines in 1946 and satellite

insurance in 1990.

2)The Ford Motor Company sold its first auto on 1903, a model  A, that

Henry Ford, the American car manufacturer,  himself designed.

3)Death anniversary of  Mehmood Ali, an Indian  actor well known

for his comic roles in Hindi films.(b:29th September, 1932; d:23rd

July,2004) He died in sleep. Mehmood had acted  in over 300 films;

King of Laughs,who lit up innumerable Hindi films of the 60’s with

his unique brand of buffonery;  an icon of comedy and Uncoroneted

Emperor of Bollywood comic world,   died in Pennsylvaniya,  America,

at the age of 72.

4)Birthday of Chandrashekhar Azad (1906),freedom fighter.He was

born to an  impoverished Brahmin family in Bhabra district, Madhya

Pradesh. He sacrificed his life for the nation on February 27th, 1931.

5)Birthday of  Lokamanya Bala Gangadhar Tilak (1856), an Indian

nationalist,teacher,social reformer and freedom fighter. He was a

multifaceted personality. He was called ”Father of National Movement”.

He was a strongest advocate of ”Swaraj”.His famous quote was”Swaraj is

my birthright and I shall have it.” He was born in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.

He was  a Chitpavan Brahmin by caste.He issued a call for the banning of

child marriage and welcomed widow re-marriage.Through the celebration

of  Ganapathi festival and the birthday of Shivaji, he organised people.

He died on  August 1st, 1920.

6)  Amy Winehouse, (14-9-1983 to 23-7-2011),the soulful

British singer-song writer, who won 5  Grammys in 2008,

at the age of 24, died(2011).She was talented but troubled

.She is considered one of the most important musicians

on the pop scene this millennium, introducing a Jazzy

retro-soul sound to the genre.

7)On July 23, 1927, British Viceroy Lord Irwin inaugurated the

first station of the private ”Indian Broadcasting  Company”,

(which was granted  permission to operate radio station,

by an agreement of 1926 with the government)  in Radio

Club at Apollo bunder of Mumbai.With this, the official

service of radio broadcasting  began in India.However I.B.C.

(Indian Broadcasting Company) went into liquidation 0n

March 1, 1930. Government took over the broadcasting

facilities and started Indian State Broadcasting Service (I.S.B.S.)

on April 1, 1930. On June 8, 1936, the I.S.B.S. was renamed as

All India Radio. In  1957, the name of Akashvani (voice from the sky)

was chosen  as the official name of A.I.R.(All India Radio), the radio

broadcaster of  the Government of India. Dr.M.V.Gopalaswamy,

a professor of psychology in Mysore University, gave this name to

the first radio broadcasting  station, established in the princely

state of Mysore in September, 1935.

8) Morocco’s King Hassan 2nd died (1999) at the age of 70.

He was born on July 9th, 1929. He served as  a back channel

between the Arab world and Israel, facilitating early negotiations

between them.This was made possible due to the presence  in

Israel of a large Moroccan Jewish  community.

9)William Austin Burt (June 13, 1792-August 18, 1858) of

Mount  Vermon  received patent, (signed personally by

President Andrew Jackson,  on July 23, 1829 )

on the typographer,  a forerunner of  typewriter,

invented  by him in America.

He is referred to as the ”Father of  the typewriter”.

He was an American inventor, legislator, a Michigan surveyor

and milowright. He also invented  solar compass and the

equatorial sextant, a precision  navigation aid, to determine

with one observation the location of a ship at sea.

Source:Collection.