Buddha is supposed to be one of the 10 incarnations of Lord Shri Maha Vishnu.
On the full moon day of Vaishakh month [Vedic calander]starts 2554th year of Buddha Shakha[w.e.f.27/05/2010].
Buddha was called Bhaishaja Guru[Teacher of Medicine].
He was a great lover of human beings.He converted a brutal robber Angulimala,
Into a compassionate human being and accepted him as his disciple/follwer.
Buddha was called Tathagatha.Sharp wisdom and sympathy combined in him,
His love for living beings was universal and he was a perfect human being.
He was born at Lumbini park on April 19 in 580B.C.-says Manjeshwar Govinda Pai,
After he studied “Maha Pari Nibbana Suttanta Tripitaka”-a work written in Pali language.
In his 80th year,he consumed the food prepared of Bamboo rice called” Sukara Meddava ” given by a man named Chandana,
At Pavapuri and became seriously ill.He died of diarrhoea and indigestion on the full moon day of Vaishaka month,
He attained Parinirvana at Khushinara in Salavriksha garden in April15 ,501 B.C. He delivered his first sermon at Saranath.
The 4 important holy places for followers of Buddha are-Lumbini[means excessive beauty] ,
Bodhagaya ,Kushinara and saranatha.For Japanese this day is festival of flower.
Nearly 10 countries celebrate Buddha Jayanthi [Birthday]
According to Buddhist legend,
1]Buddha’s wife Yashodhara
2]His 1st disciple Ananda,
3]His charioteer Channa ,
4]His horse Kantaka which was his campanion during his quest for truth of life,
Were all born on this sacred day [Buddha Purnima/Vaishaka full moon day].
Lord Buddha attained enlightenment,was born and attained Nirvana/Death also on this day.
Even the Bodhi tree under which Buddha attained enlightenment was also supposed to be born on this day.
These strange coincidences give Buddha Purnima a unique significance.
Buddha was born at Kapilavastu.His father was Shuddhodana,and mother was Mayadevi,
His birth day was Wesak Day for his followers,
His wife was Yashodhara,His son was Rahul,His clan was Shakya.His original name was Gauthama and Siddhartha.